Human Anatomy Learning Path
The field of human anatomy is a fascinating area to study as you learn about the stucture and function of the human body from the level of individual cells and tissues up to organ systems and how these systems work together.
The Alison Learning Path in Human Anatomy is very relevant to a wide range of disciplines such as science, medicine and nursing and other health-related sciences such as medical device technology and sports science.
The Alison Learning Path in Human Anatomy is a sequence of courses that introduces you to the basic anatomy and physiology of important systems in the body such as the cardiovascular system, respiratory system, reproductive system, skeletal system, nervous system and others.
Courses in this Learning Path
Introduction to the Human Skeletal System
The skeletal system is the internal framework of the human body. This course will first discuss the types of bones that make up the skeleton. You will study its functions and learn that it provides support and protection, is involved in the production of blood cells, and enables motion and locomotion. You will then study the main types of tissues and tissue processes found in skeletal elements. You will also look into the structure of a typical long bone, flat bone, the bones of the cranium, and the sesamoid bones.
Joints can be classified according to the type of material holding the bones together, the relative mobility of the joint, and the degrees of freedom of the joint. This course will explain how joints can be ball and socket, hinge, or specialized. It will also cover the axial skeleton (which is the central supporting framework of the body) and the appendicular skeleton (which consists of the bones of the upper and lower members). You will also study the skull, rib cage, and the vertebral column.
The adult human skeleton is composed of 206 bones that provide the human body with a multifunctional structure and is connected by joints, cartilage, tendons, and ligaments. Upon the completion of this course, you will have gained a much better understanding of the human skeletal system, including the axial skeleton and the appendicular skeleton. So, check out the course today and learn how bones develop from the fetal through to the adult stages of life and the vital role it plays in maintaining human health!3-4 Hours50 Points
Introduction to the Human Muscular System
This course begins with an introduction to muscle tissues. You will study the importance of the muscular system in the human body, the differences between smooth, striated, and cardiac muscles, and the different contractions of striated muscles. You will also look into the different types of striated muscles, the composition of the skeletal muscles, and the subdivisions of the skeletal muscles. You will also learn about the relation of fatigue to muscles.
You will then look into the different skeletomuscular mechanics. The skeletal and muscular systems together to produce motion and locomotion of the body which are mechanical in nature. With this course, you will learn about the structure of the skeletomuscular unit as well as study the roles of the skeletal muscles and the effects of exercise or lack of it. Furthermore, you will also look into the nervous control of the skeletal muscles, the sensory input into the central nervous system, and the commands into the central nervous system.
The human muscular system plays a vital role in maintaining posture and is essential for the movement of the body. Upon the completion of this course, you will become familiar with the structure and functions of the muscular system and better understand how the nervous system controls the muscles. Sign up for this course and gain better insight into the key roles of the muscles as well as become familiar with the different muscles found around the body.1.5-3 Hour50 Points
Introduction to the Cardiovascular System
This course begins with an Introduction to the Cardiovascular System. You will learn why there is a need for a circulatory system in the human body and study the substances carried to and from cells in the body which include oxygen, nutrients, waste products and hormones. You will look into some circulatory systems and describe their components as well as examine the structure and functions of the human cardiovascular system.
You will then study the structure and function of the blood. You will study the components and functions of blood as well as the steps involved in response to haemorrhage. You will look into the difference between whole blood and plasma transfusions, and learn why blood donors and recipients must be matched. This course will also discuss the role played by blood in temperature control. You will also learn why blood is considered the vehicle of the cardiovascular system.
The human cardiovascular system is made up of the heart, blood vessels, and blood supply which act as one system to supply vital oxygen, nutrients, and hormones to tissues and remove carbon dioxide and metabolic waste products. Upon completion of this course, you will have a better understanding of its central role in stabilizing body temperature and pH levels, as well as in maintaining homeostasis. Check out this course and learn more about the structure and functions of the blood, blood vessels, and the heart today!1.5-3 Hour50 Points
Introduction to the Human Nervous System
This anatomy course will be of great interest to healthcare professionals who would like to obtain a greater knowledge and understanding of the human nervous system, and to anyone who would like to know more about the structure and function of the central and peripheral nervous systems.
The human nervous system is made up of two main parts - the central nervous system and the peripheral nervous system. The central nervous system is made up of the brain and spinal cord, while the peripheral nervous system consists of the nerves that extend to all the other organs in the body. The autonomic nervous system is part of the peripheral nervous system and comprises the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems.
In an Introduction to the Human Nervous System you will learn about the structure and function of the central nervous system and the peripheral nervous system; the structure and function of the brain and spinal cord, and how these control and coordinate the sensory inputs and movements of the body.
The course also examines the peripheral nervous system and, in particular, the sympathetic and parasympathetic components of the autonomic nervous system. Nerve impulses and synaptic transmission are also explained in detail.1.5-3 Hour50 Points
Introduction to the Human Digestive System
This course begins by discussing the human digestive system. You will learn that the function of the human digestive system is to provide materials for energy, growth, and repair. You will study the processes involved in the human digestive system including ingestion, initial processing, storage, digestion, absorption, and elimination. This course will also discuss carbohydrates, lipids, and protein which are the three main food types. You will also look into other necessary nutrients including water, vitamins, and minerals.
This course will then delve into ingestion, the stages of the swallowing process, and the structure and functions of the stomach. You will also study how food is digested in the human body, how nutrients are absorbed, and how waste materials are eliminated. You will look into the protection mechanisms of the digestive system as well as how the mammary gland provides protection from infection, for a baby, and during breastfeeding.
The human body cannot generate energy itself and so must obtain it from external sources. Energy from the sun is captured by plants, which in turn are eaten by animals. Humans use these plants and animals as food sources that must be broken down into smaller molecules for the body to process. This is accomplished by a complex series of organs known as the digestive system. After completing this course you will have a better understanding of the structure and functions of the human digestive system so make sure to sign up for this course!1.5-3 Hour50 Points
Introduction to the Human Reproductive System
This course begins with an introduction to the reproductive system. You will learn why there is a need for a reproductive system in the human body and study the two different types of sex hormones, the process of fertilization, and the role of Gametes. You will also study the external genitalia and meiosis, the structure and function of the male reproductive system, and the role of the testis in the male reproductive system.
You will then look into the structure and function of the female reproductive system and the role of the ovaries. This course will also describe the different stages of development during pregnancy. You will learn where the site of fertilization takes place and what an intrauterine pregnancy is. You will study the difference between an embryo and a fetus, the purpose of the placenta, and the different phases of childbirth. You will also look into parturition and episiotomy.
Unlike most anatomical systems in the human body, the male and female reproductive systems are completely different in structure and function but both work together to play a vital role in the production of an offspring. Upon the completion of this course, you will better understand the structure and functions of the male and female reproductive systems and the development of an offspring during the intrauterine process. Sign up for this course and learn more about the reproductive system today!1.5-3 Hour50 Points
Introduction to the Human Respiratory System
This course begins with an introduction to the respiratory system. You will study the importance of the respiratory system in the human body, the differences between breathing and respiration, the structure and function of the human trunk, and the differences between the thoracic cavity and the abdominopelvic cavity. This course will also discuss costal breathing and diaphragmatic breathing. You will also look into the different organs in the respiratory system.
You will then study the key functions and structure of the larynx and learn how human speech is produced. This course will also describe the structure of the respiratory tree and explain the function of the alveoli. You will look into the key functions of the lungs and their structure, the pleural cavities, and the difference between nutrient blood and functional blood. You will also learn how gases are transported around the body as well as look into resuscitation.
The respiratory system plays a vital role in the inhalation and exhalation of respiratory gases in the human body. After completing this course, you will become familiar with the structure and functions of the respiratory system and the exchange and transportation of gases. You will also be able to tell the difference between respiration and breathing. Check out this course and start exploring the structure and function of the human respiratory system.1.5-3 Hour50 Points
Introduction to the Human Sensory Organs
This course begins with an introduction to the sense of vision. You will study the importance of senses in the human body, the difference between general and special senses, and the structure and functions of the eye. You will also look into the nervous pathways for hearing, the structure and functions of the ear, and the functions of the maculae, and the semicircular ducts. In addition, you will look closely at the general senses of the body.
You will then study the sensory receptors and olfactory receptors for the sense of taste and smell. You will learn that molecules of various materials are dispersed throughout the air we breathe. This course will also discuss how we get the information that becomes the sensation of smell and sensation of taste. You will look into the olfactory epithelium which is located in the upper recesses of the nasal chambers in the head, the taste buds which are scattered over the tongue and the rear of the mouth, the special hair cells, and more!
Human sensory organs such as the eye, ear, nose, and tongue are central in the processing of sensory information from all the stimuli that bombard the body continuously. Without sensory organs, we would not be able to make sense of our environment and surroundings. After studying this course, you will become familiar with the structure and functions of the sensory organs, the receptor organ for each sense, the reflexes associated with the senses, and the general body sense. Check out this course and learn more about the human sensory organs today!1.5-3 Hour50 Points