Learn about Training Principles and Basic Muscle Physiology | Alison

Physical Education - Fitness Training Principles and Methods - Revised

Learn about sports science and effective training techniques with this free online physical education course.

Free Course
This free online Physical Education course focuses on fitness training principles and methods. You will look closely at the area of sports science and study effective training principles and techniques. You will learn about the basic muscle physiology and the different muscle groups as well as how the heart functions. With this course, you will also learn about the energy systems of the body and how food is converted to energy.
  • Duration

    1.5-3 Hours
  • Assessment

  • Certification

  • Responsive

  • Publisher






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This course begins by helping you identify the basic muscle physiology and its interior components. You will study the motor unit, the regulation of muscular force, and the firing pattern of muscles in the body. You will also look into the major muscle groups and the microscopic structure of muscle. With this course, you will also learn about the different muscle fibre types and their distinctive features as well as the various types of muscle contractions.

We all know that food is converted into energy in the body. With this course, you will learn how the human body does that. You will study the energy systems as well as their characteristics and fitness components. Training is a cyclical process of tearing down and building up and even the most untrained body has a built-in reserve capacity to handle a substantial degree of stress. With this course, you will learn the principles of training, overload, specificity, reversibility, and individual differences.

Everything you want to know from muscle response to the physiology, biology, and the science of sports will be discussed in this Physical Education course. You will also learn that when designing a fitness training program, it is important that the methods are relevant and focused on the important fitness component and that the exercises within the training methods are specific to the sport. start this course to learn about sports science and training techniques now!

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Learning Outcomes

Having completed this course you will be able to:

  • Describe muscle architecture and muscle groups such as the motor unit, muscular force, muscle fibres, and joint actions
  • Explain the benefits of involvement in fitness activities
  • Relate heart rate to ATP-PC, and lactic acid to aerobic energy systems
  • Explain about food conversion for energy
  • Describe the four training principles: overload, specificity, reversibility and individual differences
  • Illustrate the importance of maximum volume of oxygen consumed by the body, acute responses, fatigue, recovery and glycogen restoration


All Alison courses are free to enrol, study and complete. To successfully complete this Certificate course and become an Alison Graduate, you need to achieve 80% or higher in each course assessment. Once you have completed this Certificate course, you have the option to acquire an official Certificate, which is a great way to share your achievement with the world. Your Alison Certificate is:

Ideal for sharing with potential employers - include it in your CV, professional social media profiles and job applications
An indication of your commitment to continuously learn, upskill and achieve high results
An incentive for you to continue empowering yourself through lifelong learning

Alison offers 3 types of Certificates for completed Certificate courses:

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