An Introduction to the Chemical Synthesis of Proteins
In this free online course, you will learn about the synthesis and sequencing of protein molecules.
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This free online course describes in detail how the genetic information stored in the DNA is transferred to synthesize a protein of a predetermined sequence through two distinct processes. You will see how information of DNA is carried out of the nucleus, in order to synthesize the required protein in the cytoplasm of the cell. You will also learn about Ribosomes, where the polypeptides are actually synthesized in a cell.
Next, you will learn about the mechanism of synthesis of polypeptides, and the role of codons and anticodons in the process. The second part of the course introduces the concept of the sequencing of proteins or peptides and describes the popular techniques used to determine the sequences of the proteins. Finally, you will learn about the importance of the study of proteins in chemical biology and the application of protein synthesis and sequencing in therapeutics.
This is a video-based course presented by a renowned teacher of biochemistry and will be immensely useful to anyone who wishes to pursue a career in chemistry, biochemistry, medicine or pharmaceuticals. The course provides valuable insights into historical as well as modern trends in biochemical research and laboratory techniques. Why wait? Start today and enhance your knowledge of synthesis of proteins and peptides.Start Course Now
DNA to Proteins
DNA to Proteins - Learning Outcomes
mRNA to Protein
DNA to Proteins - Lesson Summary
Protein Sequencing - Learning Outcome
Ribosome and Codon
Sanger's Method and Edman Degradation
Other Sequencing Methods
Protein Sequencing - Lesson Summary
Once you have completed this course, you should be able to:
- Explain how proteins are synthesized in biological cells
- Identify the two major steps in the biosynthesis of proteins
- Distinguish between mRNA and tRNA
- Define Ribosomes
- Outline the mechanisms of transcription and translation
- Describe how antibiotics work
- Discuss the role of codons in the protein synthesis process
- Summarize the concept of protein sequencing
- State the three most common ways of protein sequencing
- Discuss the problems of protein sequencing for large proteins
- Recognize the fragments of a protein of a specific sequence when treated with chymotrypsin or CNBr
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