Cognitive Processing | Reasoning | Decisions| Problem-solving | Alison

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Cognitive Processing - Reasoning, Decisions and Problem Solving

What high-level cognitive processes are involved when you evaluate options, make a decision or solve a problem?

Free Course
In this free online course, learn about the techniques and approaches involved in cognitive processing functions. Study the definition of ‘reasoning’ and different problem-solving approaches in cognition. The concept of the ‘availability heuristic’, which states that events that are more easily remembered are judged as being more probable, will be also discussed.
  • Duration

    4-5 Hours
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Be introduced to the intriguing world of cognitive processing functions in this free course. You will explore inductive reasoning, as well as problem-solving strategies and creativity in overcoming obstacles. The multiple demonstrations, problems, examples and assessment questions in this instructor-led video-based course have been curated to provide you with a thorough base to understand the crucial cognitive processes of reasoning, decision making and problem solving.

The material familiarizes you with the definition of Karl’s Popper’s falsification principle - which states that for a theory to be considered scientific it must be able to be tested and conceivably proven false - and different types of reasoning. Then, the concept of ‘pragmatic reasoning schemas’ will be discussed; this keystone theory refers to thinking about cause and effect in the world that is learned as part of experiencing everyday life. You will also explore the availability heuristic concept, which states that more easily remembered events are judged as being more probable than events that are less easily remembered. Furthermore, discover that inductive reasoning conclusions are suggested with varying degrees of certainty but do not clearly follow from hypotheses.

Next, you will learn the three ways of determining the strength of arguments in inductive reasoning. Gain insight into the base rate and representativeness heuristic, and you discover the importance of understanding the role of confirmation bias in the decision-making process. Finally, you will study ecological validity, components of a creative solution and analogical problem-solving.

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Learning Outcomes

Upon successful completion of this course, you should be able to:

  • Discuss the two main specific types of reasoning
  • Describe the three ways of determining the strength of arguments in inductive reasoning
  • Explain the different types of emotions that affect the decision-making process
  • Discuss the methods of representing problems
  • Explain the means-end and hill-climbing heuristics
  • Describe the information processing approach to decision-making
  • Discuss the analogical problem-solving technique
  • Explain the concept of 'creativity in problem-solving'


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