Classic Hollywood Cinema
This free online film course takes you back to a golden age of film as we meet the legends of classic Hollywood cinema.Publisher: NPTEL
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Classic Hollywood cinema made between World War One and the 1960s became the world’s most popular and common style of filmmaking. This style is also referred to as the ‘Golden Age of Hollywood’, ‘Old Hollywood’ or ‘classical Hollywood’. As Hollywood’s style set global trends, it evolved further as sound entered production. The ‘studio system’ in Hollywood drove further change as several key studios (like MGM, Paramount and Columbia Pictures) decided that prominent directors and actors had to join a studio to find work. This course studies some of these influential studios and explains the Academy Awards, popularly known as ‘the Oscars’, which reward artistic and technical merit in film and are widely regarded as the most prestigious awards in the entertainment industry.
We discuss the ‘Motion Picture Production Code of Hollywood’, also known as the ‘Hays Code’ or even ‘the Code’. This was a set of industry guidelines for the self-censorship of content that was applied to American films released by major studios from 1934 to 1968. We investigate the impact of the Hays Code on classic Hollywood cinema as we break down the period’s narrative, editing and characterization. We analyze some big studio films and famous filmmakers of that period, such as George Stevens, William Wyler, Billy Wilder, Elia Kazan and George Cukor. We pay particular attention to famous examples of the filmmaking styles of Cecil B. DeMille, Frank Capra and Alfred Hitchcock.
Some of the major genres of this period were musicals, adaptations of prestigious literary works and melodrama. This course illustrates the importance and impact of melodrama, a popular subgenre of drama characterized by exaggerated stories designed to tug at the heartstrings and emotionally manipulate the viewer. Accomplished directors like Cukor, Wyler and Douglas Sirk made melodrama one of the more successful genres of the ‘40s and '50s. We examine some of Sirk’s work in detail to help you to appreciate the mechanics of melodrama and discover the thrill of conducting theoretical research in film studies. Films influence popular culture and film studies offer rewarding career options like film direction, broadcast presenter, camera operation, media or programme research, art direction and video editing. The theoretical skills acquired through this course can also be transferred to other fields in the media and communications industry. Beyond its career benefits, this course takes you back to a key period in the evolution of film and suits any cinephile who appreciates the classics.Start Course Now
Upon successful completion of this course, you should be able to:
- Describe a brief historical overview of the Academy Awards
- Recount the lore behind the name 'The Oscars'
- Discuss the ‘Golden Age of Hollywood’ and its far-reaching influence on cinema
- Outline the ‘studio system’ in Hollywood
- Analyze the work of some famous classic Hollywood filmmakers
- Explain the concept of ‘melodrama’
- Identify different types of melodrama
- Discuss the work of Douglas Sirk
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