CertificationView course modules
Financial reports are used to see how a business is performing and therefore they should accurately reflect how the business performed during the period under review. The matching principle or accruals basis of an accounting system records more accurately the true revenues earned and costs paid for the period in question. The cost of rent and capital purchases are spread over the life of the purchase rather than distorting the accounts in the period the purchase was made. Likewise wages owing or interest payable is spread pulled into the period where they were used rather than when they were paid.
In this accounting course students will learn how to determine if an account needs adjustment entries due to the matching principle concept. They will be introduced to the two classes and four types of adjustments resulting from unearned revenue, prepaid expenses, accrued expenses and accrued revenue, along with typical examples of each type of adjustment. Depreciation is explored in more detail as the effect on the balance sheet can be significant.
This accounting course will be of great interest to entrepreneurs and business professionals who would like to get a thorough introduction to accounting principles, and to any learner who is interested in accounting as a future career.
Module 1: Adjustments for Financial Reporting
Course Prerequisites and Navigation
Cash versus Accrual Basis Accounting
Classes and Types of Adjusting Entries
Adjustments for Deferred Items - Expenses
Adjustments for Deferred Items - Depreciation
Adjustments for Accrued Items
Module 2: Adjustments for Financial Reporting Assessment
Having studied this course learners will be able to:
- Describe the basic characteristics of the cash basis and the accrual basis of accounting;
- Identify the reasons why adjusting entries must be made;
- Identify the classes and types of adjusting entries;
- Prepare adjusting entries;
- Understand how depreciation is calculated and posted;
- Understand the effect on financial reports when adjustment entries are not processed;
- Understand how and why trend percentages are used when analysing financial reports.
All Alison courses are free to enrol, study and complete. To successfully complete this Certificate course and become an Alison Graduate, you need to achieve 80% or higher in each course assessment. Once you have completed this Certificate course, you have the option to acquire official Certification, which is a great way to share your achievement with the world. Your Alison Certification is:
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