Introduction to Microbiology
Learn the fundamental principles of microbiology with this free online course.
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Microbiology is the fascinating study of microscopic organisms including fungi, bacteria, viruses and protozoa. Throughout this course, you will learn what the subject of microbiology covers, as well as potential career fields for a microbiologist. We will discuss some key figures in its history, how microscopes work, identifying the types of lens used in the equipment and their purposes. The course then discusses prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, which make up different types of organisms. You will find out about the structure of each type of cell, the parts that make them up and the differences between the two cell types. You will learn about what metabolic processes are, what enzymes are and why they are essential for living things. You will be introduced to microbes, what they need to survive and grow and the phases of bacterial growth. You will also find out how we grow and measure microbes in culture media to observe them and what kind of chemical agents we use to control them.
This course takes a look at the different types of prokaryotes found in our world. These are divided into different types of archaea and bacteria. You will notice that classifications are everywhere in microbiology! You will also learn about various types of phyla. During your study, you will learn about the different types of Eukaryota, namely the fungi, algae, protozoa and slime & water moulds. After this, you will cover viruses, viroids and prions. This will include the difference between DNA and RNA virus entry in animals and the diseases that can enter and kill plants. You will learn how microbes infect their hosts and how medical professionals try to prevent infections from spreading in medical settings. You will also study how microbial diseases are acquired. This includes covering the different forms of infectious diseases and their transmission. Do you know how your immune system works to fight off infections? Do you know what cells help to prevent you from falling ill? These basic and interesting questions are answered during this course. The immune system is a complex and amazing system and it is worth studying in detail. This course will include an examination of the purpose behind the immune system and how immunity is created within the body with the assistance of antibodies.
The natures and purpose of vaccines are also explored. In addition to covering the history of vaccine development, the process by which a vaccine protects the human body is detailed. You will also be introduced to the presence of microorganisms in our environment and the concerns this entails. Included in this is a look into the carbon, nitrogen and sulphur cycles as well as the microbiology of different natural environments. An overview of the positive and negative effects of microorganisms present is covered within this topic. This course finishes with a look at the use of microorganisms and microbiology techniques in the food industry and other sectors. Throughout this course, you will form a solid understanding of the basics when it comes to identifying microorganism's role in the world and starting the vaccine development process. So, why wait? Start this course today and learn the basics of microbiology.Start Course Now
By the end of this course, you will be able to:
- Identify the basic principles of microbiology
- Summarise the theories of microbial diversity
- Explain the ways humans and microbes interact
- Define Prokaryote and Eukaryote cells and compare the two cell types
- Describe how microorganisms exist in the environment
- Outline how microbiology works within the food industry
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