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Psychology - Biology and Behaviour - Revised 2018

Free Course
Gain a greater understanding of the theory, behavior and ethical issues behind key concepts in psychology.
  • Duration

    3-4 Hours
  • Assessment

  • Certification

  • Responsive

  • Publisher





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The course Psychology - Biology and Behaviour introduces the learner to the basic principles of psychology from both a behavioural and biological perspective.

The course begins by teaching you about classical conditioning which is a type of learning that involves the repeated association of a previously neutral stimulus with an unconditioned stimulus, to elicit a conditioned response. It also describes the work by the researchers Watson and Raynor who wanted to test the idea that fear could be acquired through classical conditioning. Their subject was Little Albert, an eleven-month-old son of a female employee at the clinic. The ethical guidelines for psychological research have certainly improved and are much different today.

The course teaches you about operant conditioning which is learning where the consequence is dependent on the person's response. The consequence then influences the likelihood of the behaviour occurring. The course describes the famous experiments carried out by Skinner where he studied hungry rats in specially designed 'Skinner' boxes.

Next, the course reviews the main stages of insight learning which are preparation, incubation, illumination, and verification. The course describes the earliest research by Kohler on insight learning which involved a chimpanzee called Sultan. Kohler referred to this type of learning as insight learning. It is also referred to as insight thinking.

This course will be of great interest to learners who are interested in a career in psychology and would like to learn more about psychological aspects of behaviour and biology.

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Having completed this course you will be able to;

  • Define key terms related to classical conditioning.
  • Define key terms related to operant conditioning.
  • Discuss the differences between classical conditioning and operant conditioning.
  • List the potential side effects of punishment.
  • Discuss learning by insight.
  • Define the terms related to sleep research.
  • Discuss the characteristics of sleep stages.
  • Discuss the different states of consciousness.
  • Define the functions of the brain’s hemispheres and lobes.
  • Define the functions of the spinal cord.
  • Discuss the effects of stress on the body.

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