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Diploma in Power System Protection - An Introduction

Master the fundamentals of power systems and the mechanisms that protect them with this free online engineering course.

Publisher: NPTEL
This free online diploma course lays out the fundamentals of power protection, the features of current-based relaying schemes and the processes that protect transmission lines. A power system network requires protection to operate efficiently and we explain the practices and technologies that produce electricity safely. This course can hone your engineering skills and makes an invaluable addition to your résumé.
Diploma in Power System Protection - An Introduction
  • Duration

    5-6 Hours
  • Students

  • Accreditation


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We offer essential skills and insight into the protection of power system networks in this free online electrical engineering course. Power system protection addresses the safeguarding of an electrical power system from faults. Faults can cause extensive damage to equipment and result in interruption of power supply, hazards to personnel and loss of revenue to power supply companies. Power protection systems work by isolating the components that are faulty and leaving the rest of the system operable. We discuss the distinction between power protection devices and ‘switchgear’ and explain how each plays a role in protecting power systems. We then examine different faults and establish their effect on electrical components. The course then covers various types of protective relays, including the thermal, attracted armature, induction and balanced beam relays. We then delve into the materials used to make these relays, their application, advantages and disadvantages. We also demonstrate how to calculate their behaviour with the universal torque equation.

The course then covers current-based relaying schemes and the overcurrent protection of transmission lines in detail. We study the various types of overcurrent protection relays, including the instantaneous overcurrent relay, definite minimum time overcurrent relay, inverse time overcurrent relay and the inverse definite minimum time overcurrent relay. We break down the plug setting (PS) and time dial settings (TDS) of overcurrent relays and show you how to calculate PS and TDS through examples of each type of overcurrent relay. We also discuss the application of overcurrent relay and establish its advantages and disadvantages. The course then moves on to the discrimination philosophy of relays as we study current discrimination, time discrimination and current-time discrimination. We examine directional and non-directional relays before introducing you to the distance relay and breaking down the classification of relays into phase and ground variants. The course investigates the effect of fault resistance and power swings on the performance of distance relays and analyzes fault distance measurement and stepped distance. 

We conclude with the reach of distance relays and the various types of distance relay, including the impedance, reactance, mho or admittance relay, ohm or angle impedance relay, offset mho relay and more. Power system protection is an essential aspect of the power system networks that keep our world running. If you are considering a career path in power system networks or are a professional looking to refresh or enhance your skills, then this electrical engineering course is for you.

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