Video 1: Emily and Wuthering Heights
Hello and welcome to week five lectures on what Rick hides in today's session. I'm going to talk about Gothic displacement in relation to family Chinese food and confinement. Let's first look at a review of watering Heights, which was published in 1848. There are a few States that, hi, this is Prange in our mystic story. There are evidences in everything free chapter of a sort of rugged power and unconscious friend, which the possesses seems Nemo. The thing of turning to the best in frontage. The gender effect is expressively painful. We know nothing in the whole range. Oh, for fictitious literature, which breasts such shocking pictures of the worst forms of humanity. The work of Carl Bell is a great performance that of Ellis bell, Leah promise, but it is a colossal one. This red view, a reference to build. Emily's what ring Heights as well as the work of Kara belt. And we know Ben is in reference to Charlotte Bronte. Let's first take a look at the kind of character, the right to have the story is given. There is a suggestion that the writer of this novel wandering hides the Sassis. Some very great unconscious strength, a kind of rugged power. And, and fortunately, according to the review where the writer is not putting this rocket power and conscious strength to the best advantage. So there is a role. How, uh, which can be harvested in a much more useful, uh, and advantages way. According to, uh, the assessment of this reviewer, the reviewer further goes on to say that there aren't are numerous shocking pictures of the worst forms of humanity in this novel height. There are two things. That we can think about in relation to the idea of the cortex. One is the element of strangeness Gothic fiction possess a wild character, a strange, okay. And you can also see that there's also great power in the work in a Gothic work. And that power is power over both the matter as well as overdose reader. There's a great power in an though, because it is very suspenseful that are twists and turns it can hook the reader. So it possesses a lot of unconscious strength. That's one element of Gothic fiction, the power it has over its own story, under power. It has over the reader. Secondly, the effect of Gothic fiction, the horrifying kind especially is in expressively painful. And that phrase is used to describe. The effect of withering Heights to the reviewer writes that the gentle effect is in next Pressibly painful. It's very difficult to express the nature of pain pain that is given to the reader through this novel. And we do know that the contents of this novel is pain and suffering and sorrow and passion. There's nothing like this kind of work. And literature, that is a patently. The view of this review, there is a comparison with Carra bell. The work of Clara bell Eyre comes to mind very quickly, and it was a powerful book too, in its own way. But it is quite different to the kind of white passion and the rude and rugged pictures that we get of humanity. Janay is a different kind of Gothic, whereas weathering Heights is a class do itself. So you can see how that if you will compare us, uh, Cotter bell with Ellis bell and suggest that. Welcome Ellis bell is full of promise, but it is a promise of a closer kind, a massive kind of good to unkind. Whereas her belt does represent great artistry, great performance, perhaps most significant than her misperception, where the categorizations. Which Hollywood promulgated about her sister and which just still I repeated first child sent to Texas to as a child and no sling of the Morris through whom nature spoke this, explain the novels, being more and wild and nodding as a root off heat. Charlotte Bronte was a great paints. To represent a particular character for Emily Bronte, her sister, she wanted to project Emily in a particular way. And Charlotte's representations of her sister's identity was so powerful. Like we still continue to use the Marcus of Emily's. Character that was originally sketched by shell Bronte, Nicole, these set of criticisms that I'm using from Brooklyn college is extremely useful. So unpack the genuine from the structure and these criticisms are also useful. See how sudden meds get circulated time. And again, in order to preserve a particular myth about Emily Bronte, who wrote this powerful novel Wuthering Heights, it is important to read the math. It's important to understand the meth because the myth is also a gateway into understanding the nature of the Byronic. Harrow Heath cliff and his beloved. Kathy. Now let's go back to the second point there on the slide. First child presented her sister as a child and nursing of the Morse through whom nature spoke. Emily Bronte was represented as a child of the landscape. A child and nurse Ling of the landscape it's asset. She is not just a human child. She is also a creature, a wild creature, whose mother was the Morse, the landscape, the wild landscape, because Emily Bronte was so much in communion with the landscape. The novel that she produced, that she wrote was equally in the sense that it had that ambiance and aura and effect of the Morse. And it was just as the landscape wild and not he as the elements of the house, Keith, as the roots of the heat. Now it's a very, very, uh, interesting comparison. The challenge Bronte offers to hundred readers to her contemporaries, and she is projecting a particular image of Emily Bronte as wild as an element of nature as innocent. And we also see that in the novel in Wuthering Heights cafe. And he flipped, especially the young Kathy Liam Heath class are full of liveliness as they run about in the innocent childhood. And later as they grow up, they retain that willingness, but it's a different kind of wildness. He cliff turns into a monster because of rejected. Okay. He flipped the comes as naughty as a route of heat and Kathy herself. Who's now married thinks that the only way to resolve the naughty problems of her relations is to die. Next Charlotte met them a forest Emily into an accurate transcriber of the Oxford share life and inhabitants and childhood transform Emily in tongue into a Christian allegory, just with heat, representing the center into the passive receptive of the creative gift. And finally into the visionary artists, the critique here neatly summarizes the way in which. Charlotte's description of Emily is useful in a moment. Well sense as well as in a creative sense, Charlotte tons, Emily Bronte into an allegory list. She works with morality, Christian morality, where he Clift becomes the center. He sins against not just. His family back in a larger sense. He is the representative center. And by offering Emily as an allegorize to Christian allegory list, Charlotte Bronte tons, Emily into a moralist one who works with grant the categories of good and bad evil. And what you. Secondly, she also simultaneously that his chocolate also simultaneously represents Emily into a kind of a passive vessel into which the creative gift of writing is endowed given to her by the divine by nature. So Emily receives. This bread gift to imagine and produce what bring home it's. So she is just a passive Wessel to let loose, imagine that the world. And finally, she becomes, Emily becomes a visionary artist because she's able to see into the psyches of men and women and transcribe their moods of life. And moral views into that great book. Now, what is interesting to us in relation to the idea of the Coptic is the second point. The passive receptive being Emily, the creative gift, being the ability to write imaginatively and the end product is watering Heights. If you look at the way. Some of the Gothic fiction have originated. We realized that these inspirations come to them. So write a squad, tick writers tumble into the plot. So got the conviction one way or the other. They could either get it from a library and transcribed, but translate it. Or they can just get the inspiration from nature, from nightmares, from dreams. We also should realize that Emily is also projected as a character who's accurate in the reality that she captures in her work. She is depicted as an accurate transcriber. She captures apparently in a low back then fashion the life of the Yorkshire inhabitants residents. And she does do that. When we look at the way the inhabitants of othering Heights acting speak, you can see that the raw energy G of that family is real in a material sense that these people resemble the real flesh and blood. You're actually a forms. So you can see how. Buttering Heights and its creator have a lot of myths according to them. And some of these myths make sense in relation to the way Gothic functions. And we should also realize that Charlotte Bronte is also working with. The expected and well conventions and regulations of society, and she wants to fit her system within the accepted moral compass of society. She wants weathering Heights to participate in the interview. Autonomy of the real, the moral, the domestic. She doesn't want to put that novel outside of the bounds of the respectable.
Video 2: Confinement and Transcendence
It did not matter to Charlie. That's a more full categorizations of Emily were contradictory. That's Emily was driven by a creative gift, which at times strangely wills and works for itself so that she was unaware of what she had created. And she was a control sculptor who saw how she could move the grand night block into the wishing of his meditation's. She rarely spoke with the local people and she knew them. Intimately knew the ways, the language, their family histories, the critique here very quickly and easily points to some of the contradictions in Charlotte. Bronte's. Representations of Emily's character. You can see how that there is a contradiction between this creative a day, which seems to work for itself without Emily controlling that creative guest. And at the same time, Emily was also very controlled in the way she sculpted the novel as a sculptor would sculpt move a granite block into, into the intended, wishing into the intended object. So the act of sculpting becomes a very controlled meditation. And the wishing, because reality in the object, so said the pattern, there is a contradiction in the nature of this creativity, which seems to work in an uncontrolled fashion and at the same time in a very controlled mana yet. Yeah. We can also see that in mine, watch nation and create what day. In those times where seeing a, something, which, which was not entirely under the control of the receptor, that is the writer nation and creativity had, they own way of working itself out through the medium romanticism and mission creativity in this fashion. And Charlotte Bronte was. Participating in that meth, in that legend in that perception of creativity. So one can see that there is no deliberate false, or that is being structured and offered by Charlotte Bronte. She was pleasing Emily in that tradition of creative imagination. Which was being circulated in that time period. The last point in that set of ideas on the slide is interesting, because again, there is a contradiction, a pattern contradiction because Emily rarely spoke with the local people, but yet she knew their lives intimately. So she seems to be a wizard of Suffolk's when it comes to knowing the most intimate narratives of the people of that landscape. Yet, we also saw, you know, previous sessions, lecture sessions, that Emily was a great listener. She could let people talk and patiently listened to their stories. And that is perhaps. What are the ways doc Emily adopted to transcribe York share life and landscape. Charlotte claimed that Emily was imperious to the influence of others and could grow only through time and experience, but following the dictates for own nature in one form or another. All of these characterizations pinch new to appeal in critical discussions of Emily Bronte and her novel. Again, the belief that Emily was not influenced by others is offered to the readers by Charlotte Bronte. We do note that that's not entirely true. Emily was very well read. Their family home had a fantastic library there. The father of Emily and Charlotte, and, and encouraged them to read extensively. Emily was familiar with the Gothic stories that appeared in Blackwoods magazine. I mean, the enjoy the poetry of Scott. What's what was also read by Emily Bronte. So we know that Emily was in touch with the literary currents of her time and age. Therefore, the idea that Emily was not influenced by the literary culture for time is also a myth which participates in this idea that Emily. Was purely imaginary after that her inspiration was from nature was from life and not through books. What is interesting to us in relation to the nodder two of Gothic is that Emily's character in itself takes on a Gothic hue of salts. Emily becomes a wild creature herself, Emily. Kind of works just with imagination and creativity. She works with raw nature. So all these ideas feed into the Gothic nature of the novel itself, the right to has got the subtext and the work too has a very forceful Gothic trajectory. So it's important that we kind of understand and assess the radius legends that are associated with Emily Bronte. This novel shows us a clash of elemental forces. You remember that? The, so how Charlotte Bronte projected Emily as a Christian, um, Alec artist. They can see that kind of reading, working well with this viewpoint, they get, it was just made up of two opposites forces, storm and calm Wuthering Heights and the untrust express, the storm trashed, cross Grange and the LinkedIns, the calm Catherine, and he flipped or eliminated creatures of the storm in a very superficial manner. You can divide. These two families into categories of passion and control storm and calm. You can also categorize them as the norm. And the one that is outside of the norm, Wuthering Heights represents the abnormal Wuthering Heights and its inhabitants, the unsures and late the heat cliff. Who becomes the master of three hides represents the not so ordinary folks. And the LinkedIns of course represent what is accepted the regular, the respectable and the genteel plus it was just hydrate so that allegory can also work. If you look at the novel in this fashion. And Catherine, and he become figures who did not make it to the genteel cross of society. You can also look at it. Yeah. We've got the novel as a representation of two elemental forces, forces of nature. The storm is part of nature just as the com is. So the Linton's represent the calm, the quiet, the peaceful verus the unsureness, particularly represented by Catherine on Shaw and heat. Cliff become embodiments of this powerful elemental force of passion and wildness. The novel is set at a time when capitalism and industrialization are changing, not only the economy, but also the traditional social structure and the relationship of the classes, the old man or respectable farming class hairpin was being destroyed by the economic Alliance of the newly wealthy capitalists Heath lift and the traditional power holding. Trenery the LinkedIns. This normals Gothic can be read in relation to social cultural factors, such as capitalism and the idea of gentility. Okay. Capitalism here is represented by heat cliff. The new wealthy capitalists. We knew that when he returns to weathering Heights, he would have tendons. It's a wealthy man. We do not know how he made his wealth, but he becomes suddenly very wealthy, wealthy enough to buy for three Heights out of the hands of Hindley. So what is suggested here is. The slow failure of respectable farming classes, which is presented by, uh, Harrison, the son of, uh, Hindley and the graduate school, super messy with newly wealthy capitalists represented here by heat lift. And interestingly, the capitalists are Gothic. They are evil monsters. They have no sympathy. Whatsoever for the weak and the powerless and the LinkedIns from thrash cross Grange represent the traditional PABA holding gen three, the respectable, uh, Gentry. And you can see how, uh, he, cliff is becoming a strong opposition with force to what the farming class represented by Harrington and the traditional power holding Gentry, uh, here. And building by the LinkedIns. So even when we are looking at the gut thick facets of othering Heights, we can still connect the idea of the galactic real material forces that will Chris costing, uh, the society at the time. The novel is also about striving for transcendence. And of course transcendence means passing beyond the human limit, existing about an independent of this world, this spiritual idea. Again, connects it to the Gothic notion. The spiritual here is not really a reference to the religiosity. The spiritual here. It's a literal reference to, uh, spirits as well, because we do have the ghost of Kathy and later of Kathy and he glyphs walking the Moore's, but, uh, there's a duality. The idea of, um, spirituality or transcendence one is literally transcending the physical body and becoming spirits. The other is. Existing about the material world being, becoming independent of this material world by courting it and, uh, wondering in an intangible, uh, manner. It's not just love that Catherine and he gives seek, but a higher spiritual existence, which is palmed and, and changing as Katherine makes pill when she combines her love for linked into the seasons. Right. And her love for hip lift to the rocks. The dying, Catherine looks forward to achieving this state through dance. So this is a fantastic piece of criticism, which once again tells us doc, uh, the spiritual existence is not primarily a religious existence that Catherine Hitlist, uh, are seeking, but it is an existence, which we're just about the two figures. Being together in a kind of a childhood state of innocence and friendship. So it doesn't existence, which is permanent and unchanging. Nothing can changed their association, their identification with one another. And it's also interesting that, yeah, Catherine, compass her love for Linton, whom she laid the marriage to the seasons it's changeable. There's nothing permanent about it. It's changing and changeable. As the seasons and she can pass her up. Her love for heat lifted the rocks, the ton of rocks, which doesn't the rocks that don't change. It's always there permanently. She,is a part of hip lift and just, just, um, Catherine is a part of his life. Thanks for watching. I'll continue in the next session.
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