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Module 1: Energy and Human Development

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Energy and Human Development - Lesson Summary

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The key points from this module are: good quality of life means there is literacy, the health is good and then infant mortality is small, life expectancy is good at birth. The countries that have a higher energy use per capita, typically are better off in terms of the literacy or have a lower illiteracy rate. A certain amount of energy use which is provided per person if that increases, all of these indices whether you talk of literacy, whether you talk of the life expectancy, infant mortality, all of them tend to do better. The Human Development Index which is proposed by the UNDP has a combination of three dimensions. Health Index, Education Index, Decent Standard of Living. The ones with the high HDI, high energy consumption often have an improvement in the HDI. There is a minimum amount of electricity required for having a particular quality of life, but beyond that, there is the curve sort of becomes flat. We want to improve the quality of life, we will need to increase the electricity services, the energy services, and so we have a target and then the per capita energy use will need to increase and we need to design our energy systems to go for this. The countries have been moving in a path where the HDI has increased, and correspondingly the primary energy users also increased. Beyond a point when you start using energy more than a certain amount, this is not reflected in any improvement in the quality of life. If we de-carbonize our energy sector, we could really have an improvement in the quality of life without increasing our carbon footprint. The HDI varies with the energy used and electricity use. In order to improve the quality of life, we need to increase energy services. The Paris Agreement is a voluntary declaration on how to reduce CO2 emissions worldwide. In terms of different development strategies, we can decide on what kind of energy requirements are required to remove the inequalities. Robustness means, if there are some fluctuations, if some changes are there, we should still be able to provide the energy. Think in terms of substitutes of oil, the possibility of using biofuels, renewables, domestic fuels. Sovereignty means that the country has control over energy use. Resilience means the ability to withstand diverse disruptions. If the country is highly dependent on oil imports, and those imports are all coming from a particular region, if there is some problem which happens within that region and our oil supply is affected, then we have a problem in terms of security. If the country is highly dependent on oil imports, and those imports are all coming from a particular region, if there is some problem which happens within that region and our oil supply is affected, then we have a problem in terms of security. If we want to talk about the energy security of any particular country, one of the indicators that we can do is we can understand and see what percentage of our supply comes from coming from outside.