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Introduction to Entering the Job Market

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0:10

Are you just entering the job market in your country?




0:15

>> Do you want to find a job but don't know where to begin?




0:20

>> Do you want to learn the necessary skills to help you find and 
apply for a job?




0:27

>> Or maybe you already have a job but want to find a different one.




0:33

>> If you answered yes to any or all of these questions, then this course is designed especially for you.




0:42

>> Welcome to English for Career Development, a five unit course 
which will help you through the different steps of the job application process.




0:56

>> This course is designed for high beginner to low intermediate English language learners.




1:02

Language teaching, readings, games, and assessments are adapted to your English level.




1:09

You do not need to have previous work experience or have already gone through the job application process. We will guide you through the necessary steps during this course. If you have a higher level of English, we have some more difficult activities for you to do.




1:28

>> In each unit, we will focus on a different step of the job application process.




1:35

We'll begin with entering the job market. We'll then move on to writing a resume. Next, we'll focus on the cover letter. Following this, we'll discuss networking. Finally, we'll cover the job interviewing process. We hope you will join us on this new and rewarding learning experience.




1:58

We'll try to make the experience fun by giving you some games and 
exercises to complete along the way. You will also have opportunities to connect with other online learners from around the world.




2:11

>> My name is Robyn Turner, and I'm a Senior Language Specialist 
at the University of Pennsylvania's English Language Programs. 
I have a BA in English and a Masters in TESOL. 
>> And my name is Brian McManus and I am a Language Specialist 
at the University of Pennsylvania's English Language Programs.




2:33

I have a BA in Film and Theater Studies and a Masters in TESOL.




2:38

Throughout both of our careers, we've had helps students with the job application process. We've been on both sides of the application process, as interviewers and job applicants. We're really excited to help you too. So welcome and let's get started.


0:12

In this video, we will introduce you to the structure and goals of this course.




0:20

English for Career Development has five units. 
>> Unit 1: Entering the Job Market. 
>> Unit 2: Resumes. 
>> Unit 3: Writing a Cover Letter. 
>> Unit 4: Networking. 
>> Unit 5: Interviewing for a Job. 
>> Throughout the course, you will learn and practice new vocabulary when you read articles, listen to recordings, watch videos, play games, and complete assessments. Each unit has specific language and content goals.




0:58

>> We will give you a quick overview of each unit. Don't worry if some of the words and concepts are new to you. We will explain everything more clearly in the rest of the course. 
>> In Unit 1, Entering the Job Market, we will review how people begin looking for a job in the United States.




1:19

Our language goals will focus on present-tense verbs and compare and contrast structures. Our content goals will have you identify your skills and interests, and read job advertisements.




1:32

>> In Unit 2, Resumes, we will tell you about the application process. This begins with a written summary of your job experience, education, and skills known as a resume. Our language goals are using action verbs and key words. The content is an explanation of the parts of the resume, and the specific information that is included in resumes. 
>> In Unit 3, Writing a Cover Letter, 
we want to introduce you to formal letter writing in the job application process.




2:08

Our language goals are past-tense verbs, and using modal verbs for politeness.




2:15

The content will include professional letter-writing format and 
important parts of the letter.




2:23

>> In Unit 4, Networking, we begin to explore the speaking skills that you will need to introduce yourself in a professional setting. 
Our language goals are using stress, rhythm, and intonation to make your speaking clearer. Our content goals are to make small talk and describe your skills effectively. 
>> In Unit 5, Interviewing for a Job, we will discuss how to ask and answer questions effectively in a job interview.




2:55

Our language goals are answering typical interview questions and 
asking clarification questions. Our content goals include job interview style, behavior and expectations.




3:09

>> Reading and listening assignments are required throughout the course and each unit has one or two assessments designed to help you practice both language and content at the same time. 
We are delighted to join you in improving your communication skills for your career development. 
>> Before we begin, watch the next video to learn how to have your best course experience and enjoy our exciting Coursera community.


0:11

Hello. 
In this video, we will talk about the job search process and 
introduce you to each of the 7 steps in the process. 
Did you know that the average U.S. 
worker today holds 10 different jobs before age 40? 
For younger workers just beginning their career that number is between 12 and 
15 jobs.




0:36

This means that workers in the United State and 
around the world will probably change jobs often. 
Each time they change jobs they have to take part in the process 
know as the job search.




0:49

Searching for a job is part of career development




0:54

It's important to remember that searching for 
a job is part of a process which takes time and requires several steps. 
Let's think about the search as a journey on a train. 
The train will stop at many places along the way to it's final destination. 
Just as job seekers complete multiple steps in their job search.




1:17

In the first step, job seekers need to identify their skills and 
areas of interest.




1:27

When looking for a job, you should ask yourself, what am I good at? 
What do I like to do? 
What have I studied? 
Your answers to these questions will help you to create a clear, 
professional profile. 
In the second step, you create a professional profile. 
You write information about your education, your past work experience, 
volunteer experiences, or special training. 
Your professional profile can also list hobbies or 
interests that tell more about you as a person.




2:01

After reflecting on skill and creating a profile, it's time to start looking for a job. There are many places to search for jobs online, in newspapers, and in person.




2:13

In the third step, job seekers will need to read and 
understand the advertisement or job description.




2:24

Then, decide if their skills match the job description.




2:28

In the fourth and fifth step, the job seeker moves into the application part of the process. In this part of the process, 
job seekers send their information to the employer to apply for a job.




2:45

In the United States a person will send a resume and cover letter to formally apply for a job. A resume is a written document of one's employment, education, and skills.




2:59

The cover letter is a formal letter addressed to the employer to introduce the job seeker, show qualifications, and ask for an interview.




3:10

In addition to cover letters, many people use networking events 
as a way to introduce themselves to future employers. 
This is the sixth step in the process. When networking, job seekers talk to many people about their skills and experience in conversations. Networking is focused on meeting people and building relationships in person.




3:36

Whether it is through a cover letter or a short conversation, 
job seekers are trying to get an interview for a job.




3:45

As the 7th step, the job interview is the best chance for 
the candidates to show their interest in the job and 
demonstrate to employers how they are qualified for the job.




3:57

Formal interviews are often in person but 
can sometimes be done by telephone or video.




4:04

In all of these interviews, the job seeker needs to be able to ask and 
answer questions briefly and clearly.




4:12

Let's review the job search process. 
Job seekers begin by identifying their skills and 
interests, create a professional profile, and read job descriptions. 
After choosing a job, they write a resume and 
cover letter to formally apply and request an interview.




4:30

Job seekers often talk to many people casually in networking events. In a formal job interview, 
candidates really present their skills to a future employer.




4:42

Now, let's move on to identifying skills and interests.