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Summary

Key Facts about the Zika Virus

• Zika virus disease is caused by a virus transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes.
• People with Zika virus disease usually have a mild fever, skin rash (exanthema) and conjunctivitis. These symptoms normally last for 2-7 days.
• There is no specific treatment or vaccine currently available.
• The best form of prevention is protection against mosquito bites.
• The virus is known to circulate in Africa, the Americas, Asia and the Pacific.
• The recent outbreak began in April 2015 in Brazil, and subsequently spread to other countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean.
• The Zika virus infection in pregnant women has been linked of cases of newborn microcephaly by mother-to-child transmission
• A high incidence of the autoimmune disease Guillain–Barré syndrome (GBS) noted in French Polynesia and Brazil in patients who had the Zika Virus