History of Travel
Ancient peoples used watercrafts to travel.
The first empire nation with specific needs for travel was Egypt.
People would travel to visit the tombs of the Pharaohs from as early as 2700 BC.
The Assyrian military travelled by chariot and horseback on primitive roads.
The Persian Empire invented a four wheeled carriage.
It was the Greek empire that first developed an expansive travel infrastructure.
The Greeks would travel to other cities by boat to trade commercial goods.
Travel in Ancient Greece was advanced by currency exchange and the Greek language.
The Roman Empire stimulated trade and led to the growth of a large middle class with the money to travel.
Sightseeing became popular in the Roman era, particularly trips to Greece.
In 12th century, large numbers of people began taking pilgrimages.
During the Renaissance, people began travelling purely to experience higher culture for the first time in centuries.
The Grand Tour was a 16th century concept in which young men accompanied ambassadors throughout Europe in order to complete their education.
The Grand Tour was designed to develop a class of professional statesmen and ambassadors.
The Grand Tour ended due to the French Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars.
Spas and seaside resorts were popular during the Victorian Era.
Spas became popular after they were recommended by medical professionals.
Members of the British court began to frequent spas making them fashionable amongst the upper-classes.
Seaside resorts became popular as the French Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars prevented people from travelling to Europe.
The United States of America began developing a unique tourism culture in the 18th century.
The development of the railway enabled people to travel around the USA.
The first tourist resorts created in the United States were seaside resorts.
As American industry developed in the 18th and 19th centuries, wealthy business owners began touring throughout the USA.
The southern elite were fond of travelling and would undertake an American equivalent of the Grand Tour.
By the late 1800s the American west coast was a popular tourist destination.
During the 19th century, labour rights began to change the tourist habits of working class Americans.
Today, Americans take more than 500 million trips annually to places 160 kilometres or more from home.
Two-thirds of trips taken in America today are pleasure oriented.
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