Module 1: Introduction to Insurance - Introduction | en - 824 - 54039
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An Introduction to Insurance


Introduction

Introduction

In Course 1: An Introduction to Risk Management, we discussed the nature of risk and risk management. We defined risk, measured it, attempted to feel its impact, and learned about risk management tools.

In this course, we are going to emphasize the fact that risk decreases as the number of exposures increases as the most important foundation of insurance. This is called the law of large numbers. This law is critical to understanding the nature of risk and how it is managed.

Once there are large numbers of accidental exposures, the next questions are (1) How does insurance work? and (2) What is insurable risk? This module responds to these questions and elaborates on insuring institutions.


The transfer of risk to insurers reduces the level of risk to society as a whole. In the transfer of risk to insurers, the risk of loss or no loss that we face changes. We pay premiums to get the security of no loss.

When we transfer the risk, insurers take on some risk. To them, however, the risk is much lower; it is the risk of missing the loss prediction. The larger the number of exposures, the lower the risk of missing the prediction of future losses. Thus, the transfer of risk to insurers also lowers the risk to society as a whole through the law of large numbers.

Even further, insurance is one of the tools that maintains our wealth and keeps the value of firms intact. People and firms work to maximize value. One essential element in maximizing the value of our assets is preservation and sustainability. If purchased from a credible and well-rated insurance company, insurance guarantees the preservation of assets and economic value.


The adverse, or negative, effects of most of the risks can be mitigated by transferring them to insurance companies. The new traveler through the journey of risk mitigation is challenged to ensure that the separate risks receive the appropriate treatment.

Examine Table 6.1 to discover a range of risks and the types of insurances that they are most commonly associated with.

Insurers sell separate policies that cover the separate risks. Each policy specifically excludes the coverage that another policy provides.

Every risk has its unique policy or a few layers of coverages from various sources.

Example

The auto policy excludes the coverage provided by the homeowners’ policy. These exclusions are designed to prevent double dipping, or double coverage.

For the risk of dying prematurely, we can purchase life insurance policies as well as receive coverage from Social Security.

For the risk of becoming ill and not being able to pay for medical care, we have health insurance.

For the risk of losing our income because of injury, we have disability insurance or workers’ compensation.

In this module, we will cover the following:

1. Links
2. Ideal requisites for insurability
3. Types of insurance and insurers

Throughout this module, you will learn about all the policies and how to create an entire portfolio to complete the puzzle of the insurance solution within the risk management activities.

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