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Module 4: Social Development

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Social Development – Summary

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Social development refers to the long-term
changes in relationships and interactions involving self, peers, and family.

The social developments that are most obviously relevant to classroom life fall into three main areas:
Changes in self-concept and in relationships among students and teachers
Changes in basic needs or personal motives
Changes in sense of rights and responsibilities

Erik Erikson developed a theory of social development that relies on stages; a series of psychological or social crises - turning points in a person’s
relationships and feelings about himself or herself (Erikson, 1963, 1980).

Erikson's eight stages of social development.

Teachers can minimise role confusion in a number of ways:
One is to offer students lots of diverse role models.
Another way to support students’ identity development is to be alert to students’ confusions about their futures.
A third strategy is to tolerate changes in students’ goals and priorities.

Maslow’s theory distinguishes two types of needs:
• Deficit needs
• Being needs

The six levels in Maslow's theory of social development.

Deficit needs are the basic requirements of physical and emotional well-being.

Being needs are desires to become fulfilled as a person, or to be the best person that you can possibly be.