Loading
Previous Topic Previous slide Next slide Next Topic

Blood Transfusion and Blood Matching

  • Study Notes
  • Discuss This Topic
    Collette M.
    US
    Collette M.

    Before a blood transfusion tests have to be done to both parties to make sure the blood matches to avoid any reactions.

    Brian W.
    GB
    Brian W.

    If an individual has lost whole blood due to haemorrhaging it may be necessary to give them a transfusion of whole blood, as this will continue the function of the red blood cells. It may be that the individual has suffered burns and lost fluid ,not whole blood ( formed elements) they may need plasma or a plasma substitute. There are substances called antigens on the surface of red blood cells that vary between individuals, the blood of other individuals may develop antibodies to the antigens. It is essential therefore that before a transfusion is carried out both the recipient and the donor must be tested to ensure a match so as to avoid a possible fatal reaction. The important systems of the blood antigens include the ABO system and the Rh system.

    Brian W.
    GB
    Brian W.

    Can you explain the ABO and Rh systems

    Brian W.
    GB
    Brian W.

    If an individual suffers a haemorrhage and has lost a large amount of whole blood, a transfusion may be required. A whole blood transfusion will continual the functions of red blood cells. If the person has suffered burns and has lost fluid but not formed elements, a plasma or a substitute may be used. Before a transfusion can take place the recipient and the donor must under go tests to ensure that the bloods are compatible, if this is not carried out fatal reaction my occur. Some blood cells have antigens attached to there surface, these differ from person to person, some people develop antibodies to them thus the test is carried out.

    Brian W.
    GB
    Brian W.

    Are there any blood types that are compatible?

    Brian W.
    GB
    Brian W.

    Blood transfusions are given for several reasons such as anaemia, infection and major blood loss, before a transfusion is given it is important that a blood match is conducted. A whole blood transfusion will ensure continuation of the function of red blood cells.

  • Text Version
Notification

You have received a new notification

Click here to view them all