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Are liquid diets part of hospital diets?
Working with eating disorders, we utilize calorie based diets/meal plans. Phase one is a 1/2 meal plan with overnight nasogastric feeds. Phase 2 Full meal plan without overnight nasogastric feeds. Does anyone else use a similar approach, when working with eating disorders?
I have read or the modules information and passed the assessment with 95% but it is not recording my progress or letting my finish the course so I can print my certificate
Nutrition plays an important part in a patient's overall condition.
A person who is ill may need help in meeting his basic needs for adequate nutrition.
In the following lesson, the learner is introduced to food combinations that are utilized in the various hospital therapeutic diets to meet patients diverse medical and recovery needs;
This lesson outlines Therapeutic Diets as follows;
Clear Liquid Diet
Full Liquid Diet
Advanced Full Liquid Diet
Tonsillectomy and Adenoidectomy Cold Liquid Diet
Dental Soft Diet
Liberal Bland Diet
Low Fat Diet
Sodium Restricted Diet
On completion of this lesson, the learner will be able to;
Identify the range of Diets prepared to meet Patients' diverse medical and recovery needs.
Cite a specialized diet when given a description of the diet contents.
Clear Liquid Diet. This diet is indicated for the postoperative patient's first feeding when it is necessary to fully ascertain return of gastrointestinal function. It may also be used during periods of acute illness, in cases of food intolerance, and to reduce colon fecal matter for diagnostic procedures.
The diet is limited to fat-free broth or bouillon, flavored gelatin, water, fruit drinks without pulp, fruit ice, Popsicles®, tea, coffee or coffee substitutes, and sugar. No cream or creamers are used. Carbonated beverages may be included when ordered by the physician; however, they are often contraindicated.
The standard menu mat (DA Form 2902-15R) provides approximately 1146 calories. This diet is below the recommended dietary allowances (RDA) for all nutrients tabulated except for Vitamin C (ascorbic acid). If the patient is to be on clear liquids for an extended period of time, the portion sizes should be increased or an accepted enteral formula may be provided.
Full Liquid Diet. This diet is used when a patient is unable to chew or swallow solid food because of extensive oral surgery, facial injuries, esophageal strictures, and carcinomas of the mouth and esophagus. It may be used to transition between a clear liquid and a regular diet for the post-surgical patient.
The diet consists of foods, which are liquid at room or body temperature, and will easily flow through a straw. Included in the full liquid diet are all juices, strained soups, thinned, cooked cereals, custards, ice cream, sherbet, and milk. A high protein beverage is given at breakfast and between meals. Commercially prepared liquid supplements may also be used.
The standard menu mat (DA Form 2902-12-R) provides approximately 2777 calories. This diet is slightly below the RDA in iron for females, and in niacin for men.
Advanced Full Liquid Diet. This diet may be prescribed to meet the nutritive requirements of a patient who must receive a full liquid diet for an extended period of time or who has undergone oral surgery and must have foods, which can pass through a straw.
The foods permitted are the same as those allowed on the full liquid diet. The advanced full liquid diet is made more nutritious by the addition of blended, thinned, and strained meat, potatoes, and vegetables. High-protein beverages are served with meals and between meals.
The standard menu mat provides approximately 4028 calories. The advanced full liquid diet meets the RDA for all nutrients tabulated.
Tonsillectomy and Adenoidectomy Cold Liquid Diet. This diet is used following a tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy (T&A). It is also used when only fluids or soothing foods in liquid form are tolerated.
The T&A cold liquid diet provides only cold liquids, which are free of irritants or acid properties. Foods allowed are flavored gelatins, ice cream, sherbet, and milk. A high protein beverage is served between meals.
The standard menu mat is DA Form 2902-14-R. The T&A cold liquid diet does not meet the RDA for niacin and Vitamin A for adult males or children ages 4 to 10, and is below the RDA for thiamine for children ages 1 to 4. It does not meet the RDA for iron for any age group.
Soft Diet. The soft diet is prescribed for patients unable to tolerate a regular diet. It is part of the progressive stages of diet therapy after surgery or during recovery from an acute illness.
The diet consists of solid foods that are prepared without added black pepper, chili powder, or chili pepper. It does not contain whole grain cereals or salads with raw, fresh fruits and vegetables. Serving sizes are small to provide a gradual increase in the amount of food from the liquid diet.
The standard menu mat (DA Form 2902-4-R) provides approximately 2236 calories. This diet does not meet the RDA in iron for females or thiamine for males, nor niacin for either males or females.
Dental Soft Diet. This diet is prescribed for patients who are recovering from extensive oral surgery, have severe gingivitis, have had multiple extractions, have chewing difficulties because of tooth loss or other oral condition, or for the very elderly, toothless patient.
The diet is composed of seasoned ground meats, vegetables, and other foods, which are easily chewed. The individuality of the patient must not be overlooked when a dental soft diet is prescribed. Many patients resent being served ground meat.
Standard menu mats available are DA Form 2902-6-R (dental soft diet) and DA Form 2906-13-R (dental soft, 2000 mg sodium diet). The dental soft diet does not meet the RDA in thiamin for males, nor iron for females.
Regular Diet. Regular diets are planned to meet the nutritional needs of adolescents, adults, and geriatric phases of the life span.
The regular diet includes the basic food groups and a variety of foods. The basic food groups include meat, milk, vegetables, fruits, bread and cereal, fats, and sweets.
The standard menu mat, DA Form 2901-R (Regular Diet) provides approximately 3375 calories. The selective menu is developed by each individual hospital according to patient needs, food availability, and cost. The regular diet is designed to provide exceptionally generous amounts of all recognized nutrients and meets or exceeds the RDA for all nutrients tabulated.
The Food Guide Pyramid is an outline of what we should eat each day (see figures). Each of the food groups provides some of the nutrients you need. Food from one group cannot replace those of another group.
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