Introduction to Cellular Physiology
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Introduction to Cellular Physiology

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Identify the major components of a typical animal cell.
Match the major components of a typical animal cell with their functions.
Identify important functions of ATP and ADP.
Match the names of the fluid compartments with their descriptions.
Identify a general requirement for electrolytes, and match terms related to tonicity
with their descriptions.
Identify functions and characteristics of water.
Identify examples of homeostasis and feedback mechanisms.
Match terms related to the movement of materials into and out of cells with their descriptions.
Match terms related to membrane potentials, cell growth, and cell multiplication with their descriptions.
Match tissues types to their characteristics.

Cells
The individual cell is the unit of structure of all living things.
An entire organism may consist of a single cell (unicellular) or many cells (multicellular).

In human beings and other multicellular organisms, the cells tend to be organized in specific ways.

A group of like cells performing a particular function is referred to as a tissue.

An organ is a discrete structure composed of several different tissues together.

An organ system is a group of organs together performing an overall function, for example,the digestive system.

The individual organism is the combination of all of these things as a discrete and separate entity.

Plant cells
Although all living matter is composed of cells, animal cells and plant cells are
significantly different from each other.

Plant cells contain chlorophyll, a green coloring matter and they have a cell wall
around them which is made up of a very complex carbohydrate known as cellulose.

Animal cells do not contain chlorophyll nor do they have a cell wall.


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