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Comparsion of Maslows Hierarchy of Needs and Basic Human Needs.
Psychologist Abraham Maslow defined basic human needs as a hierarchy, a progression from simple physical needs to more complex emotional needs.
After completing this lesson you will be able to:
Understand Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs theory and how the dimensions relate and impact health.
Understand the relationship between Maslows Hierarch of Needs and basic human needs.
a) Types of Needs.
(1) Physiological--food, shelter,water, sleep, oxygen.
(2) Safety--security, stability, order, physical safety.
(3) Love and belonging--affection, identification, companionship.
(4) Esteem and recognition--self-esteem, self-respect, prestige, success, esteem of others.
(5) Self-actualization--self-fulfillment, achieving one's own capabilities.
(6) Aesthetic--beauty, harmony,
Figure 1-2. Maslow's hierarchy of needs.
b) Relationship Between Levels of Needs.
(1) According to Maslow, the basic physiological needs related to survival (food, water,
etc.) must be met first of all.
(2) These basic physiological needs have a greater priority over those higher on the
pyramid. They must be met before the person can move on to higher level needs. In
other words, a person who is starving will not be concentrating on building his self
esteem. A patient in severe pain will not be concerned with improving his
(3) Generally speaking, each lower level must be achieved before the next higher level can be focused upon.
COMPARISON OF BASIC HUMAN NEEDS AND MASLOW'S HIERARCHY OF NEEDS
The categories of Maslow's hierarchy are closely related to the basic human needs discussed in paragraph 1-6. Table 1-1 contains a comparison.
Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs Basic Human Needs
Food, shelter, water, sleep, oxygen
Security, stability, order, physical safety Physical Needs:
Food, water, oxygen, elimination, clothing and shelter for body, warmth and protection, activity, or sensory and motor stimulation, including sex, physical exercise, and rest
Love and Belonging:
Affection, identification, companionship
Esteem and Recognition:
Self-esteem, self-respect, prestige, success, esteem of others Emotional Needs:
Love, including approval and esteem, importance, including recognition and respect, adequacy, including self-sufficiency and the need to be needed and wanted, productivity, including work an creative pursuits
Self-fulfillment, achieving one's capabilities
Beauty, harmony, spiritual Social Needs:
Identification or belonging, education or learning, religion or spiritual, recreation or play
Table 1-1. Comparison of basic human needs and Maslow's hierarchy of needs.
a) Physical needs are roughly equivalent to Maslow's physiological and safety needs.
b) Emotional needs are roughly equivalent to Maslow's love and belonging and esteem and recognition needs.
c) Social needs are roughly equivalent to Maslow's self-actualization and aesthetic needs.
(Remember that human needs are not constant; they are fluid and changing with first one, then another, taking priority. What may start as a basic need for food can take on social and personal significance. Your care plan as well as your patience are aimed toward the satisfaction of the patient's needs. He has common needs because he is a person; he has individual needs because he is unique; he has special needs because he is sick.
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