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Short selling need a deeply future focus before buying or selling
I think you need a crystal ball that works
There's a problem with the trend-line on this one making a bit difficult to understand but I do appreciate the lesson
I think one of the short seller's blunder was basing his decisions on just past trends and prices, a future projection can help to an extent in reducing his loss. For example if he has anticipated the rise in the price of the IBM shares, his position may have been different. By his loss being infinite, it could affect most of his assets in his balance sheet.
institutional order flow trading .... after doing more research i stumbled upon order flow trading thsi helps one to avoid buying at higher prices and selling at lower prices . stocks should be bought at a clear demand level or at a good retracement level after profit taking vice versa when it comes to selling.
you said you could lose an infinate amount. Could you not put in a sell limit, so if the price does keeps going up he will sell automatically and not lose too much?
wow there is a big risk involved in short selling
Alison this video is of a shoddy quality.
Let's review what we went over in the last video, and one of
you all actually commented that it would be a good idea
to draw a timeline.
So I'll draw a timeline.
So we're learning about short selling.
And in the last example-- let me do the timeline where
things work out well for the short seller.
So let me draw the stock price of IBM.
Let me make this its-- OK, here we go.
So let's say that this is-- that could be our timeline,
it's by day.
Let me draw the stock of IBM, it could look something like--
that's my y-axis.
Let's say the stock right now is at $100, it's trading
someplace like that.
And let's say it does that later, right?
But we're sitting at this point right here-- we're
sitting at, let's call this day 0.
So what does the short seller do?
So let's say the short seller, right now-- let me see if I
can draw his balance sheet.
So right now, the short seller, he has assets and
His assets-- I won't worry about collateral requirements
and all of that right now.
But usually he already has to have some assets ahead of time
for him to be able to borrow shares.
But, actually-- let me give him some
collateral ahead of time.
So let's say that he already has $60 in his account.
He has $60 of assets on day 0.
And then this is the day that he says, you know what?
I've done my analysis and I think IBM-- he doesn't see
this part of the stock price, I mean, it would
be great if he did.
Then you could short with conviction.
But all he sees is the past, right?
If he did a stock chart he would just see-- let me switch
colors-- he would just see this green part right here.
He wouldn't see all the stuff that's in the future.
But he has a lot of conviction that IBM is going to go down.
So what he does is, he borrows a share of IBM on that day.
So then on this day he borrows one share.
So he has-- let's call that IBM-- one IBM.
And he also owes one IBM.
Right after you borrow it, before you do anything into
it, you have it as an asset, and you also owe it back.
And if you wanted unwind the borrowing of it, you could
just give it back.
But what he does at this point is he sells this IBM.
He sells that share and he gets $100 for it.
Because that was just the market price.
That's what people were willing to trade IBM shares
for at that point in time.
That's day 0.
Then let's say IBM reports its earnings, and
they're really bad.
And that happened on, I don't know, probably
happened on this day.
And the stock tends to go down, down, down.
People take a long time to realize how
bad the report was.
And here at this day, once the stock has reached $50, our
short seller says OK, that's enough.
I don't think the stock's going to drop a lot more.
So on day-- let's call this day 10.
10 days have gone by.
Day 10, he decides to cover.
So going into day 10, this is his balance sheet--
let me redraw it.
So going in to day 10, what does he have?
He has $160.
The $60 he had before, just by actually working.
And he owes-- this is his asset, and his liabilities is
he owes one share of IBM to the broker.
And the broker really owes it to one of the shareholders of
IBM who happened to be keeping the share with the broker.
And he wants to cover.
So what he does is, he takes $100-- no, no sorry, he
doesn't take $100.
Now shares of IBM only cost $50, right?
So he takes $50 to buy a share, to buy one IBM.
So instead of $160, he now has $110 and he
has a share of IBM.
And then what he does is, he takes this share of IBM and
then gives it to the brokerage to pay off his liability.
So then he's done.
He's left with no liabilities, and just $110 of assets.
So he made $50.
So hopefully that clarifies it up a little bit, in that he
sold here, and bought here.
It's the reverse of a lot of stock, it's almost like you're
acting in reverse time.
But this was a very good scenario for the short seller.
But he very easily could have made a blunder.
Let's see what could have been a blunderous scenario.
Let me draw a different stock chart for IBM.
So let me draw the stock up to the day in question, and we
said it was looking something like this, where it was
trading right at around $100.
And this is the day that our short seller decides to short
it, and this happens.
He essentially borrows a share of IBM.
So he has a one IBM share liability.
He sells that share and he collects $100.
And then let's say IBM reports on this day, so this is day 0.
Now IBM reports, and it's actually great.
They did way better than anyone could have expected.
So then the IBM shares skyrocket, and
they go to this level.
And at this point this-- and I'll talk more about short
psychology and short squeezing, and all that-- but
maybe here he's like, oh no, this is just a temporary blip,
let me keep holding my position.
But then the stock keeps going up and up and he says oh, this
is just temporary, it's going to go back down.
But at some point, his tolerance for pain has been
And let's say IBM gets to $150.
He says, I can't handle this anymore.
And I think you're already noticing a very negative
dynamic or a highly risky dynamic that occurs with
shorts, is that you can lose an arbitrary amount of money.
Because what's happening now?
Let's say he wants to cover it right now.
This is day 10 in this alternate universe.
So now, what are his assets and his liabilities?
Going in to day 10, his asset, we said, was $160.
Because he had short sold, he had $160.
But he owes one share of IBM.
For him to unwind this, to pay back the share of IBM, what
does he have to do?
He has to go out into the market and buy a share of IBM
at this higher price, at $150.
So when he goes out, instead of $160 he has to use 100-- so
he has $10-- and then he uses $150 of that to go buy-- $150
of the $160 to buy a share of IBM.
So then he gets a share of IBM.
And then he can pay that share back to the broker and cancel
out his position.
And he's left with just $10.
So in this scenario when the stock price rose by
$50, he lost $50.
So he sold low and then he bought high, right?
And the really risky thing that maybe is apparent to you
now about short selling is that his loss
could have been infinite.
What if IBM, instead of going to $150, what if went to $200?
Then he would have lost $200-- if it went to $200, he would
have lost $100.
If it went to $300, he would have lost $200.
So his loss isn't just the amount of the
original short position.
It isn't just the $100 or whatever the original
price of IBM was.
It can be an infinite amount, so it really can kill your
Or really make you broke.
While when you go in the long side of things, if I were to
buy IBM here.
Let's say I'm the guy that bought this share from the
What's my worst case scenario?
Well the worst thing I can have happen is that the share
of IBM goes to 0.
So my loss is really, I can just go to 0.
I won't end up owing someone an infinite amount of money.
So short selling, inherently, because of this infinite, you
could say downside to the short seller, right?
They can lose an infinite amount of money.
They have to be really careful about how they make their
positions and how they protect themselves from this
And we'll talk a little bit about things like margin
requirements and things like that in the future, that
essentially make sure-- are the broker's way of making
sure that the short seller can actually-- is good to buy back
Anyway, see you in the next video.
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