Good day In the learning objectives should the teacher use ---- The learner should be able to........ or The learner will be able to........
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After gathering all the required information in the front-end analysis, Instructional Designers should state the objectives for their lesson. Objectives are a very important part of the instructional design process.
Robert Mager is a key contributor to the instructional design field. he argued that all objectives should be measurable and observable. An objective that cannot be measured or observed is most likely not going to have much chance for evaluation. Mager also stated that effective objectives should include a condition statement, a performance statement, and a criterion statement.
All objectives should include 4 components, also known as the A-B-C-D format.
When writing objectives, it is crucial to know the audience. It is also important to accurately describe the learner using either the course title or other characteristics.
Example: The Instructional Design learner should be able to....
• This element states what the learner will be doing
• Use action verbs to describe behavior
• Most behavior statements should be worded as follows: “should be able to…."
• Do not use verbs such as “learn” and “understand” because these verbs are not measurable or observable.
Example: At the end of the lesson, the Instructional Design learner should be able to explain the Adult Learning Theory.
• The circumstances under which the tasks are performed.
• Good objectives should include the condition under which the tasks are performed.
Example: "Given a desk reference guide…,"
The level the student must perform the task at.
Examples of degree statements: without error, successfully five times, by giving facts, on two different issue, etc.
Objectives can be terminal and enabling.
Terminal objectives describe what is expected of the learner by the end of the course. These objectives are more general than enabling, and they help Instructional Designers develop enabling objectives.
Example: Given realistic scenarios depicting the most common writing problems of the agency employees, the participant should be able to write business letters without errors.
Enabling Objectives support the terminal objectives. They define the skills, knowledge, or behaviors students must achieve to successfully complete terminal objectives.
Example: Given references, and videos related to professional writing, the participant should be able to complete all exercises with 100% accuracy.
Let's take a look at one of the examples of a four-part objective:
Given a video lecture on ISD, the Introduction to ISD learner should be able to identify the four components of an objective without error when given two opportunities to do so.
The four components of this objective are
1. Audience: the introduction to ISD learner
2. Behavior: the ability to identify the four components of an objective
3. Condition: the video lecture on ISD
4. Degree: the two opportunities to identify the four components without error.
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