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Instead of just cutting out cancer cells, we should focus on cancer's surroundings. If an area has a high crime rate, instead of just arresting the criminals, there should be more education, policing and street lights. A study of breast cancer showed that after being cured, those who took tablets for brittle bones got -40% cancer recurrence as breast cancer can often metastasise to the bone but now could no longer do this. We should looks more to cancer phenotype not just genotype as phenotype of cancers are the same in everyone while genotype is very different (colon cancer looks and acts the same in everyone while the DNA may be different). An experiment with a mouse that has breast cancer inserted into a left and right breast (left tagged red, right tagged green) showed that cancer is always moving but not neccasarily taking hold (metastasising) because after a day, each breast has half half of each colour but the cancer hand't spread elsewhere.
What is systemetic thinking about cancer?
A great explanation on the way everyone decides that cancer should be treated and removed if possible, and an even better alternative method. This method was used in a medical trial, and was quite successful, lowering the breast cancer victims by 40 and 35%. The technique used is basically, looking at the problem systematically, by taking it as a whole, instead of treating just the area of infection individually. This should, in time, and with the improvement of technology, become extremely successful in terms of dealing with cancer, and maybe other major diseases,infections and other medical complications.
Sal: This is Sal here, and I have Dr. David Agus visiting the office,
and I want you to introduce yourself, because you have kind of an interesting life.
Dr.: "Interesting Life," is scary, but I'm a Professor of Medicine and Engineering
at the University of Southern California.
I treat cancer patients and I have a lab that looks at new ways
and technologies to understand, and treat cancer.
Sal: And that's what's really interesting- the fact that you're a professor of both medicine and engineering.
And I guess that's kinda what we're gonna touch on a little bit here.
Sal: And so, this is clearly a picture of eggs. Why are we looking at eggs?
Dr.: Well, if I gave you those eggs, and I put them in your office, and I say "Come back in three weeks",
what would you have?
Sal: If I . . . they would go bad. I'm not putting one in a fridge, I'm assuming.
Dr.: You have a rotten egg, exactly.
But, If I was clever and I changed the temperature of your office to 99.5 degrees Fahrenheit
and I rotated those eggs three times, it has to be an odd number,
and at the end of three weeks, I'd have a chicken.
Sal: And a chick, you'd have this,
so, you could either have a rotten egg, so this kind of crazy-mess-smelly-thing;
or you have this cute, adorable, chicken.
Well, though, they call babies "chicks".
Chicks. A babe-oo, uh, a chick. *laugh*
Dr.: Yes, so a small change in temperature and gravity goes from chaos to order.
Sal: Right, right.
And so, we're going to talk in a minute about cancer and all the chaos that's involved with it,
but realize that, that egg, I changed the temperature and the gravity,
and I went from chaos to order.
so, while it will seem incomprehensible and unable to model cancer,
you're going to start to see little changes can have major effects.
Sal: I see. And this is what's a little bit un-intuitive. So when we think about things like cancer,
I mean cancer's not the only one, we imagine that we just kinda kill it.
We just gotta take it out, but what you're saying is that, "Hey, maybe there's these subtle things,
that's analogous to rotating an egg, 3 times, and to get the temperature just right,
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