The surface area is the area that describes the material that will be used to cover a geometric solid. When we determine the surface areas of a geometric solid we take the sum of the area for each geometric form within the solid.

The volume is a measure of how much a figure can hold and is measured in cubic units.

The volume tells us something about the capacity of a figure.

A prism is a solid figure that has two parallel congruent sides that are called bases that are connected by the lateral faces that are parallelograms. There are both rectangular and triangular prisms.

To find the surface area of a prism (or any other geometric solid) we open the solid like a carton box and flatten it out to find all included geometric forms.

To find the volume of a prism (it doesn't matter if it is rectangular or triangular) we

multiply the area of the base, called the base area B, by the height h.

V B • h

A cylinder is a tube and is composed of two parallel congruent circles and a rectangle which base is the circumference of the circle.

Example:

The area of one circle is:

A = πr2

A = π • 22

A = π • 4

A = 12.6

The circumference of a circle:

A = C • h

A = 12.6 • 6

A = 75.6

The area of the rectangle:

A = C • h

A = 12.6 • 6

A = 75.6

The surface area of the whole cylinder:

A = 75.6 + 12.6 + 12.6 = 100.8 units2

To find the volume of a cylinder we multiply the base area (which is a circle) and the height h.

V = πr2 • h

A pyramid consists of three or four triangular lateral surfaces and a three or four sided surface, respectively, at its base. When we calculate the surface area of the pyramid below we take the sum of the areas of the 4 triangles area and the base square. The height of a triangle within a pyramid is called the slant height.

The volume of a pyramid is one third of the volume of a prism.

V = 1/3 • B • h

The base of a cone is a circle and that is easy to see. The lateral surface of a cone is a parallelogram with a base that is half the circumference of the cone and with the slant height as the height. This can be a little bit trickier to see, but if you cut the lateral surface of the cone into sections and lay them next to each other it's easily seen.

The surface area of a cone is thus the sum of the areas of the base and the lateral surface:

Abase = πr2 and ALS = πrl

A = πr2 + πrl

Abase = πr2 and ALS = πrl

Abase = πr2 • 32 ALS = π • 3 • 9

Abase = 28.3 ALS = 84.8

A = πr2 + πrl = 28.3 + 84.8 = 113.1 units2

The volume of a cone is one third of the volume of a cylinder.

V = 1/3 πr2 • h

Find the volume of a prism that has the base 5 and the height 3.

B = 3 • 5 = 15

V = 15 • 3 = 45 units3

Video lesson: Find the volume of a cone with the height 5 and the radius 3.

To see the solution look at the video in the next page.

In this problem we want to determine the volume of a cone if we’re given the height and the radius. The height is 5 and the radius is 3. So the volume formula for a cone is 1/3 πr2 • h. So we just need to plug in or evaluate with these values for h and r and then we’ll get the volume for this cone. So that becomes one third times pi, r squared is 3 squared so three squared is 9 and h is just 5. We can multiply this out and we get pi over three, is just this, times 9 times 5 which is 45. If we multiply all this out finally we get a volume of approximately 47.1 cubic units. So whatever units there in, metres, feet, whatever, 47.1 cubic units.

Stop being ungrateful! Yes it is wrong - lets make them aware of it and hopefully they will correct it.

Barely anybody uses the Comments section these days. Anyway, I think this course would be better if it was more colorful and if it explained things better.

How do you find the total surface area of a trapezium

Pretty sure to find the circumference of a circle you use C = 2πr, not A = C • h. Or am I missing something?