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Concussion

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    Phomolo P.
    BW
    Phomolo P.

    Concussion, from the Latin concutere ("to shake violently") or concussus ("action of striking together"), is the most common type of traumatic brain injury. The terms mild brain injury, mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI), mild head injury (MHI), minor head trauma, and concussion may be used interchangeably, although the last is often treated as a narrower category.Although the term "concussion" is still used in sports literature as interchangeable with "MHI" or "MTBI", the general clinical medical literature now uses "MTBI" instead.In this article, "concussion" and "MTBI" are used interchangeably. Frequently defined as a head injury with a temporary loss of brain function, concussion causes a variety of physical, cognitive, and emotional symptoms, which may not be recognized if subtle. Treatment involves monitoring as well as physical and cognitive rest (reduction of such activities as school work, playing video games and text messaging).Symptoms usually resolve within three weeks, though they may persist or complications may occur. Those who have had one concussion seem more susceptible to another, especially if the new injury occurs before symptoms from the previous concussion have completely resolved. There is also a negative progressive process in which smaller impacts cause the same symptom severity. Repeated concussions may increase the risk in later life for dementia, Parkinson's disease, and/or depression. A variety of signs accompany concussion including somatic (such as headache), cognitive (such as feeling in a fog), emotional (such as emotional changeability), physical signs (such as loss of consciousness or amnesia), behavioral changes (such as irritability), cognitive impairment (such as slowed reaction times), and/or sleep disturbances. Fewer than 10% of sports-related concussions among children are associated with loss of consciousness.

    Zachary B.
    US
    Zachary B.

    What is a good way of treating concussions?

    Rk S.
    IN
    Rk S.

    Concussion It is important to emphasise that this loss of consciousness may be so transient that it passes unnoticed, but the signs thereafter may be the clue to diagnosis. Typically, there is pallor (pale skin) and a slowing or shallowing of the pulse accompanied by shallow breathing. There is loss of memory, particularly related to events around the time of injury (usually a few minutes either side of this time). A headache and nausea with or without vomiting ensues over the following hours. Usually, concussion leaves no permanent disability, but with serious head injury a fracture of the skull should be looked for and an x-ray taken if necessary. There has been some evidence to suggest that EEG (electro-encephalogram or electrical activity of the brain) disturbances may persist for some 6 weeks after serious concussion, which implies the time taken to reach full neurological recovery. It must also be emphasised that concussion can be fatal if the blow to the head has produced rupture of blood vessels around the brain, which produces slow bleeding over a period of days or weeks. It is just such a haemorrhage that produces the 'subdual haematoma', which causes gradual loss of consciousness and ultimately death. The management of concussion demands immediate evacuation from competition and full assessment by a qualified person. The injured athlete is not allowed to return to sport, especially contact sport, until full recovery can be demonstrated. In severe cases, this may mean a rest from competition for 4 to 6 weeks.

    Muhammad S.
    PK
    Muhammad S.

    Write down the short method to treat concussion?

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