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HIV can not be spread through kissing or hanging some one.
How can we prevent the spread of HIV? There's no vaccine to prevent HIV infection and no cure for AIDS. But it's possible to protect yourself and others from infection. That means educating yourself about HIV and avoiding any behavior that allows HIV-infected fluids — blood, semen, l secretions and breast milk — into your body. To help prevent the spread of HIV: •Use a new condom every time you have sex. If you don't know the HIV status of your partner, use a new condom every time you have anal or l sex. Women can use a female condom. Use only water-based lubricants. Oil-based lubricants can weaken condoms and cause them to break. During oral sex use a no lubricated, cut-open condom or a dental dam — a piece of medical-grade latex. •Consider the drug Truvada. Use of the combination drug emtricitabine-tenofovir (Truvada) can reduce the risk of sexually transmitted HIV infection in those who are at high risk. Truvada is also used as an HIV treatment along with other medications. When used to help prevent HIV infection, Truvada is only appropriate if your doctor is certain you don't already have an HIV infection. Your doctor should also test for hepatitis B infection. If you have hepatitis B, your doctor should test your kidney function before prescribing Truvada. Truvada must be taken daily, exactly as prescribed. Truvada should only be used along with other prevention strategies, such as condom use every time you have sex, as it doesn't protect against other sexually transmitted infections, and it can't provide complete protection against HIV transmission. If you're interested in Truvada, talk with your doctor about the potential risks and benefits of the drug. •Tell your sexual partners if you have HIV. It's important to tell anyone with whom you've had sex that you're HIV-positive. Your partners need to be tested and to receive medical care if they have the virus. They also need to know their HIV status so that they don't infect others. •Use a clean needle. If you use a needle to inject drugs, make sure it's sterile and don't share it. Take advantage of needle-exchange programs in your community and consider seeking help for your drug use. •If you're pregnant, get medical care right away. If you're HIV-positive, you may pass the infection to your baby. But if you receive treatment during pregnancy, you can cut your baby's risk significantly. •Consider male circumcision. There's evidence that male circumcision can help reduce a man's risk of acquiring HIV.
Kissing does transmit HIV if the mucosa is damaged.
Safe sex is the way
How can we seelp well
Safe sex is one way to prevent contracting the disease.
care and support ensures management of Co morbidity and opportunistic infection's.
Safer-sex" activities are those we choose to lower our risk of exchanging blood, semen, or l fluids — the body fluids most likely to spread HIV. Each of us must decide what risks we will take for sexual pleasure. Here are some common sexual behaviors grouped according to risk. VERY LOW RISK — No reported HIV infections due to these behaviors fantasy, cyber sex, or phone sex using clean sex toys masturbation or mutual masturbation manual stimulation of one another touching or massage fondling or body rubbing kissing oral sex on a man with a condom oral sex on a woman with a Glyde dam or plastic wrap LOW RISK — Very few reported HIV infections due to these behaviors deep kissing that causes bleeding l intercourse with a condom or female condom anal intercourse with a condom or female condom oral sex deep kissing that causes bleeding l intercourse with a condom or female condom anal intercourse with a condom or female condom oral sex - (Try not to get semen, l fluids, or blood into the mouth or on broken skin.) HIGH RISK — Millions of reported HIV infections due to these behaviors l intercourse without a condom anal intercourse without a condom Talk with your health care provider about testing and treatment for STDs. Women and men with open sores from herpes and other infections get HIV more easily than other people.
According to my communicable disease module in university, there are two types of HIV. we have type 1 nad type 2, but are there subsequent species of each type?
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