Health and Human Development - The capacity of individuals and families
to make changes to their food choices: knowledge
Knowledge about food and nutrition, i.e. how to choose the most suitable
products, store food so that it remains fresh and select appropriate
combinations of food to serve determines what is eaten. Families in lower
socio-economic areas often have more limited food experiences, less
education about body needs and health and so do not have the knowledge to
make the best food choices. Knowledge can be acquired through reading,
watching videos, following food selection guides from pamphlets available
in supermarkets, community health centers, etc. Adhering to a suitable food
selection model and keeping in mind the Dietary Guidelines  would
provide adequate knowledge for parents responsible for providing meals for
children and adolescents.
Children and adolescents should start to take responsibility for their own
food choices when outside the home. Their knowledge will be based on what
they have learnt in the home and at school.
Adults can read, go to community based nutrition classes, use computer
programs and access the Internet for more guidance.
Elderly people who have specific needs may require further knowledge from
their medical adviser, a dietician or their local health centre.
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