Chemistry - Functional groups
Homologous series may be represented by the general symbol R-X where X
represents the _characteristic functional group._ Within any homologous
series R-X, the compounds have the same general formula but successive
members differ by CH2.
All members of a particular series have the _same _functional group, e.g.
- 'chloro' in chloroalkanes
- 'hydroxy' in alcohols (alcohols are also known as alkanols)
- 'carboxyl' in acids
Consequently, the chemical properties of all members of a series are
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