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Parenting Capacity - Module 11: Responding to Children's Needs - Diploma in Social Work Studies
The concept of parenting capacity is one of the key dimensions of child welfare (along with developmental needs and the environment in which parenting takes place).
Here we list some clear guidelines based on research as to what children need from their parent(s) and what parents are expected to provide.
Children have physical, emotional, social and intellectual needs and they need environments which are safe and stable.
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Basic care: Providing for the child's physical needs, and appropriate medical and dental care.
Ensuring safety: Ensuring that the child is adequately protected from harm or danger.
Emotional warmth: Ensuring that the child's emotional needs are met, giving the child a sense of being specially valued and a positive sense of their own racial and cultural identity.
Stimulation: Promoting a child's learning and intellectual development through encouragement and cognitive stimulation and promoting social opportunities.
Guidance and boundaries: Enabling the child to regulate their own emotions and behaviour.
Stability: Providing a sufficiently stable family environment to enable a child to develop and maintain a secure attachment to the primary caregiver(s) in order to ensure optimal development.