Making up of an image using its seperate parts.
gestalt school off trouts and and thinking
Gestalt principles explain quick visual perception.
The visible things we see is well remembered and fast recorded in the brain rather than having scrambled words Yellow irritates the eyes White and black may cause fatigue Red is less aggressiveness and more productivity FOR A RESEARCH when a red contact lense is used in a chickens eyes. Probably, that's why RED is a color for alert, overall the best color to remember by.
Psychology - Gestalt Principles
The stop sign is designed with the concept of figure-ground in mind.
Organisation in visual perception  as evidenced in art, signs and
Gestalt principles: 
The Gestalt school of psychology was developed by a group of German
psychologists in the early 1900s. The Gestaltists believed that sometimes
the whole is greater than the sum of its parts. By this they meant that we
take smaller parts and gradually build them into a whole. Thus, Gestalt is
a German word for 'form' or 'shape'. As with 'bottom-up' processing, we
start with the smaller parts and put them together to eventually form a
shape. The Gestaltists named many principles which assist us in this
process however, you only need to know these four in preparation for the
* Figure-ground: Some aspects of a stimulus appear to stand out as the
figure against a plainer background. For example, many road signs make use
of this principle so a message can stand out and be seen easily by drivers.
The stop sign is designed with the principle of figure-ground in mind. The
word 'stop' is the figure, printed in white, against a plain red
background. This makes the message very clear to see for the approaching
* Closure : This involves the completion of missing contours so that
we perceive a consistent overall form. For example, cartoons characters are
often a series of lines and incomplete figures, however, we fill in the
* Similarity : This is when elements that are similar tend to be
grouped together. For example, members of the police force at a football
game wearing the same uniform, will be seen as belonging to one group.
* Proximity : We perceive elements which are near one another as
belonging together. For example, sheep grazing close to one another in a
paddock would be seen as a group.
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