The healthcare needs of individuals living in rural areas are different from those in urban areas, and rural areas often suffer from a lack of access to healthcare. This is more common in sub-Sahara Africa and other middle and low-income Countries . People living in rural areas also have poorer socioeconomic conditions, less education, higher rates of tobacco and alcohol use, and higher mortality rates when compared to their urban counterparts. Way of closing the gap: there is need to increase funding by governments and non-governmental organizations to research rural health, provide needed medical services, and incorporate the needs of rural areas into governmental healthcare policy.
Health and Human Development - Global health: rural mortality rates
Rural mortality rates
The general gains in life expectancy as a measure of health status have
arisen through improvements in primary health care. However, in developing
regions and even in a lot of developed countries the emphasis in health
care is still on curative measures rather than preventative ones. WHO data
shows that in 1994,18 per cent of the world's population in rural areas had
access to sanitation compared with 70 per cent in urban areas. 63 per cent
of the world's population in rural areas had access to safe water compared
with 82 per cent in urban areas.
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