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Geography - How are organisations responding to global environmental
How are organisations responding to global environmental issues?
This resources looks at the ways in which organisations are responding to
global environmental issues. It examines the response of different groups
to the issue of sea level change and rainforest destruction as well as
exploring issues surrounding Greenpeace and the World Wide Fund for Nature.
It is really not possible to distinguish between global warming
initiatives and sea level rise initiatives. This is because the two
phenomena are so closely related. The information relating to responses to
rainforest destruction will show you that these phenomena also have some
Go to this to learn more about the IPCC.
The IPCC was established jointly by the United Nations Environment Program
and the World Meteorological Organisation in 1988. The purpose of the IPCC
is to assess information in the scientific and technical literature related
to all significant components of the issue of climate change. The IPCC
draws upon hundreds of the world's expert scientists as authors and
thousands as expert reviewers. Leading experts on climate change and
environmental, social, and economic sciences from some 60 nations have
helped the IPCC to prepare periodic assessments of the scientific
underpinnings for understanding global climate change and its consequences.
With its capacity for reporting on climate change, its consequences, and
the viability of adaptation and mitigation measures, the IPCC is also seen
as the official advisory body to the world's governments on the state of
the science of the climate change issue. For example, the IPCC organised
the development of internationally accepted methods for conducting national
greenhouse  gas emission inventories.
Go to this to learn more about OPEC.
OPEC became involved in this issue around 1990. They want to keep
producing oil that is one of their most valuable exports. They wish to keep
the value of their export product high. They are not supportive of
reductions in the emissions of carbon dioxide unless they are compensated
for their lost revenue.
Go to this to learn more about AOSIS
AOSIS also became interested in this phenomenon around 1990. They are
certainly concerned about rising sea levels, as a rise in sea level will
often see their nation inundated. Tuvalu and the Maldives have had a strong
influence on this group of 42 small island nations, they are very concerned
about the future of their islands. If AOSIS had their way they would set
stricter targets than those delivered by Kyoto. They also believe that
carbon credit transfers should not be available. Their position is that
they produce virtually no carbon dioxide emissions and yet they will be the
first to suffer the consequences. They might disappear altogether.
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