Much of Miller's commentary on the good versus evil dichotomy is
dramatised through the lighting and through characterisation.
Many social problems have been explored in the play (lust, lechery,
alcoholism, greed etc) and Miller's moralising on these subjects
demonstrates the workings of good and evil. Characters can loosely be
divided into groups of 'good' characters (Rebecca, Elizabeth, Giles etc)
and 'bad' characters (Abigail, Parris, Danforth etc). The evil in the play
is spread very quickly and one critic has claimed that the dramatic power
of the play comes from "a mounting tide of evil gaining, in an entire
society, an ascendancy quite disproportionate to the evil of any individual
member of that society" (Welland, Arthur Miller, Oliver and Bond, London,
1961, p. 84). Good, however, is seen to triumph at the end of the play with
Elizabeth's words and the sunlight finally streaming in.
That concludes our study of Arthur Miller's _The Crucible_.
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