Chemistry - Industrial chemistry key knowledge areas
Industrial chemistry key knowledge areas
Production of ethene from crude oil
* Raw materials used in the production of sulfuric acid; the influence of
the principles of equilibrium and reaction rates on the production of
sulfuric acid; significant reactions and the optimum conditions under which
reactions proceed; use of vanadium pentoxide as a catalyst; major uses and
the acid-base, redox and dehydrating properties of sulfuric acid.
* The petrochemical industry and its importance to consumers; production
of ethene from crude oil; significant reactions and conditions under which
reactions proceed; major uses and properties of ethene; reactions of ethene
including the formation of ethanol; addition polymerisation; the formation
of polyethylene, polyvinyl chloride and polystyrene from the relevant
* The chloro, hydroxy and carboxyl functional groups; systematic names of
compounds containing these functional groups (straight chain compounds up
to C10); structural isomers of compounds containing one chloro, hydroxy or
carboxyl functional group (up to four-carbon compounds); substitution
reactions; the laboratory preparation of ethanoic acid from ethane; the
reaction between ethanol and ethanoic acid to form ethyl ethanoate; the
general reaction for the formation of an ester; condensation polymerisation
to form polyesters.
* The importance of the chemical industry in modern society.
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