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Hello My question is concerning fixed-position layout. I just want to clarify if I understand what is written. is it the PRODUCT that is fixed or the EQUIPMENT? I am still trying to picture a scenario of a fixed position product but none has come to mind yet. Please I would appreciate if you can give me an example of a fixed position layout product. Thanks
two layout can be used at same time by the organisation, and by making the production process more efficient.
Facilities layout planning is based on finding a physical layout or arrangement that will enable efficiency of production and be accepted by employees of the organisation. which involves process layout, product layout, cell unit layout and fixed position layout for effective result.
what is process layout?
what is fixed position layout?
Operations management strategies: facilities layout planning: The facilities layout totally depends on the organisation which will enable them to provide production with the highest of efficiency that will be accepted by the employees of the organisation. As organisation it has four different types of layout to follow that will suit the organisation in its production or service.
can two layouts as mentioned could be used at onetime by an organisation?
layout planning is simply the arrangement of machines/equipments in making production process efficient and effective and thereby minimizing production cost.
The process layout is the process which puts the employees and equipment in a way that the product is produced in a more efficient way keeping the cost effectiveness, employees convenience, productivity efficiency and the quality control in consideration.
A process layout is one in which all of the equipment that performs a similar process, function or task is grouped together.A product layout is one in which equipment and tasks are arranged according to the progressive steps involved in producing a single product
Business Management - Operations management strategies: facilities layout
Facilities layout planning
Facilities layout planning is based on finding a physical layout or
arrangement that will enable efficiency  of production and be accepted
by employees of the organisation.
Facilities layout may be based on a process, product, cellular or fixed
position production process.
In a process layout equipment for specific tasks is grouped together
A process layout  is one in which all of the equipment that performs a
similar process, function or task is grouped together. The advantage of the
process layout is that it has the potential for economies of scale and
reduced costs. The drawback to the process layout is that the actual path
or track that a product or service takes may become too long and
complicated. A product may need different processes performed on it and
thus must travel through many different areas before production is
In a product layout tasks are arranged in progressive steps
A product layout  is one in which equipment and tasks are arranged
according to the progressive steps involved in producing a single product.
Many fast food restaurants use the product layout with activities 
associated with producing the goods arranged in sequence. The product
layout is regarded as efficient when the organisation produces large
volumes of identical items. This duplication of functions can be economical
only if the volume of products produced is high enough to keep each area
working on the specialised products.
Cell unit layouts facilitate teamwork and joint problem solving
This is layout is based on group-technology principles in which equipment
dedicated to sequences of operations is grouped into small unit areas.
These units provide efficiencies in material and equipment handling and in
inventory management. One advantage of the cell-unit layout  is that the
employees work in units that facilitate teamwork and joint problem solving.
Staff flexibility is enhanced because one employee can operate all
equipment in the unit and travelling time between equipment is kept to a
In a fixed position layout the product remains in one location and tasks
and equipment are brought to it
The fixed-position layout  is one in which the product remains in one
location and tasks and equipment are brought to it. It is used to produce a
product or service that is either very large or one of a kind. The product
cannot be moved from function to function or from process to process along
an assembly line. This layout is not good for high volume but is necessary
for large, bulky items and custom orders.
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