* COMPUTER BASICS MODULE SUMMARY Module Summary
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Introduction to Computers
Computers help you perform your tasks efficiently and quickly. They are
used in almost every field, such as industry, government offices, shops,
and educational institutions.Computers are made of various parts that can
be broadly categorized into input devices, output devices, processing
devices, and storage devices.
[Introduction to Computers]
Common Computer Terminology
The essential components of a computer are hardware and software.
Hardware refers to all the physical components connected to a computer and
software refers to the instructions for the hardware to perform the
necessary tasks. The most important software on the computer is the
operating system, which controls and manages the hardware connected to your
computer.You can share your computer components with other computer users
by connecting your computer to other computers. A group of computers and
associated devices that are linked together to facilitate sharing
information is called a network. The Internet is a collection of these
networks that are linked together.
[Common Computer Terminology]
Computer Performance and Features
The different kinds of computers come in a wide selection based on
shape, size, and performance. These include desktop computers, laptop
computers, handheld computers, and tablet computers. All computers have
memory, which is used to store information that is being used by the
operating system and programs. Information that the computer uses is
represented in the form of 0s and 1s.Different computer programs perform
different tasks. Productivity programs help you organize numbers, write
letters or proposals, maintain records, and create images. Communications
programs help you talk to other computer users. With entertainment
programs, you can watch movies, listen to music, or play games.
[Computer Performance and Features]
Computer Operating Systems
An operating system is a program that controls how the hardware works
and helps manage files and folders on the computer. Some operating systems,
such as Windows Vista, provide a GUI, which makes it easier for you to
provide instructions to a computer. Windows Explorer is a program in the
Windows operating system that helps you locate and open files and folders.
Each file has an associated format. Depending on the file format, the
operating system decides the appropriate program to open the file.
[Computer Operating Systems]
Computers are extensively used everywhere, from households to large
businesses. Computers are used to maintain records, exchange information,
and analyze daily transactions to generate reports. Computers are also
being used for online trading and checking stock prices. This widespread
use of computers has created many career opportunities. With relevant
computer knowledge, you can work as an information worker, an IT
professional, or a software developer.
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