Psychology - Operant conditioning in practice
Operant conditioning in practice
- The principles of shaping are used to teach animals certain behaviour.
The animal is reinforced for any behaviour which moves toward the desired
goal, as in animal training or training guide dogs.
- Positive reinforcement and the withdrawal of reinforcement is
administered to eliminate inappropriate behaviour and to teach new
responses, i.e. modify behaviour.
- A technique which rewards people for appropriate behaviour with tokens
which can then be traded for privileges. For example, primary school
children could be given gold stars as a reward for good behaviour which
could then be traded in for certain privileges at the end of the week.
These privileges could range from time on the class computer or extra play
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