Loading
Notes
Study Reminders
Support
Text Version

Bureaucracy and Adhocracy Organization Models - Lesson Summary

Set your study reminders

We will email you at these times to remind you to study.
  • Monday

    -

    7am

    +

    Tuesday

    -

    7am

    +

    Wednesday

    -

    7am

    +

    Thursday

    -

    7am

    +

    Friday

    -

    7am

    +

    Saturday

    -

    7am

    +

    Sunday

    -

    7am

    +

The key points from this module are: 
Characteristics of Weber's Bureaucracy include: 

Division of labour 
Well defined authority hierarchy
Employment decision based on merit
Career tracks for employees
High Formalization 

Advantages and disadvantages Weber's Bureaucracy include: 
Advantages: 
1. The attempt to eliminate the use of irrelevant criteria for choosing employees.
2. The use of tenure to protect employees.
3. The establishment of rules and regulations.
4. The creation of a vertical hierarchy.  
 
Disadvantages: 
1. Goal displacement. 
2. Inappropriate application of rules and regulations. 
3. Employee alienation. 
4. Concentration of power. 
5. Mon-member frustration. 
 
The Arguments For and Against Bureaucracy by Warren Bennis and Robert Miewald.
 
Arguments For Bureaucracy (Miewald) 
1. It works.
2. Societal values are unchanging.
3. Professional Bureaucracy has emerged.
4. Environmental turbulence is exaggerated. 
 
Arguments Against Bureaucracy (Bennis) 
1. Rapid unexpected changes.
2. Growth in size.
3. Increasing diversity.
4. Change in managerial behaviour.
 
The comparison between Theory-A, Theory-J, and Theory-Z Organizations. 
Theory-A Organizations
1. Short-term employment. 
2. Specialized career path. 
3. Individual decision making. 
4. Individual responsibility. 
5. Frequent appraisal. 
6. Explicit, formalized appraisal.
7. Rapid promotions. 
8. Segmented concern for people. 
 
Theory-J Organizations
1. Life-time employment. 
2. Non-specialized path.
3. Consensual decision making. 
4. Collective responsibility.
5. Infrequent appraisal. 
6. Implicit, informal appraisal. 
7. Slow promotion.
8. Comprehensive concern for people. 
 
Theory-Z Organizations
1. Long-term employment. 
2. Moderately specialized career paths. 
3. Consensual decision making. 
4. Individual responsibility. 
5. Infrequent appraisal. 
6. Implicit, informal appraisal with explicit, formal measures. 
7. Slow promotion.
8. Comprehensive concern for people. 
 
The Collateral Form is a loosely structured organic appendage designed to co-exist side by side with a bureaucracy on a relatively permanent basis.
 
Adhocracies are excellent vehicles for responding to change, facilitating innovation, and coordinating diverse specialists. However, they create internal conflicts and tend to be less efficient than bureaucracies.
 
Other examples of Adhocracies include:


The Tack Force.
The Committee Structure. 
The Collegial Structure.