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Design of an Automated System - Lesson Summary

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Mechatronics Based Systems - Lesson Summary

System: A set of things working together as parts of a mechanism or an interconnecting network.
The Spring System: It is a typical mechanical system widely used in a variety of engineering applications such as suspension, compression, extension, torsion, coil and leaf.
Hook's Law: It is a law of physics that states: "the force needed to extend or compress a spring by some distance is proportional to that distance itself". Mathematically, Hooke’s law can be represented as F = Kx
Microprocessor: It is a central processing unit on a single integrated circuit chip containing millions of very small components including transistors, resistors and diodes that work together.
Embedded system: Is a microprocessor-based computer system that is designed to perform a dedicated function. Either as an independent system or as part of a large system.

Building blocks of a Mechatronics Based Automated System
Measurement system
Drives and actuation systems
Microprocessor system
Software

Flexible Manufacturing System (FMS): It is a production method that is designed to easily adapt to the changes in the type and quantity of the product being manufactured.
The CNC technology is applied to various operations such as machining operation, turning operation, grinding operations, gear cutting operations and a variety of other machine tools which are computer numerical controlled.
Material Handling Systems (MHS): It carries out automatic material handling of components, tools, or even convey raw materials within the manufacturing industry. Rail-guided vehicles, automatic guided vehicles, and robots are some of the common examples of Material Handling Systems.
Direct Numerical Control (DNC): It is a process set in a manufacturing unit where a set of machines are controlled by a programmed computer with the help of a direct connection.
Automated Storage and Retrieval System (ASRS): It is a type of genre of warehouse automation technology specifically designed to buffer, store, and retrieve product and inventory on demand.

CNC machine tools use electrical drives, electrical motors to generate the pulses, and the microprocessors produce the signals to drive these electrical motors.