Automation: The word "Automation" has its origin in Greek. The basic root is Automatos and the meaning of the word is acting by itself. The system which is 'acting by itself' is called an automated system.
Manufacturing: Manufacturing is the production of goods through the use of labour, machines, tools, and chemical or biological processing or formulation.
Production System: It refers to the collection of the people, equipment and procedures which are required to perform the manufacturing operations.
Elements of Production Facilities
The Production machinery or the equipment
The Inspection to ensure the quality of the raw materials and products.
The Computer Systems are used to program the equipment or machinery for monitoring their performance.
The Layout is the way, equipment is "logically grouped" or laid out on the shop floor
Manual Work System: A worker performing one or more tasks without the aid of powered tools.
Worker Machine System: A human worker uses powered equipment to accomplish the work.
Automated System: It is a process performed by a machine with minimal or no direct participation of the human being required to carry out the manufacturing operation.
Mechatronics: A branch of engineering that focuses on designing, manufacturing and maintaining products that have both mechanical and electronic components.
Stages of a Product Life Cycle
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