The key points from this module are as follows:
Bioreactors can be defined as a controllable environment enabling the biochemical and biomechanical elements to create a desirable biological product.
Consumer products made by biotechnology which include:
• Vitamin B2,
• Personal care
• Food service ware
• Beverage packaging
• Plastic containers.
Significant points to be considered when designing bioreactors include:
• Capital investment and operating cost
• Prevent contamination,
• control and positively influence the biological reaction,
• Maintenance of adequate mass and heat transfer.
The most common features of a typical bioreactor are:
• Agitator system: it maintains a uniform environment through the vessel.
• Temperature and PH control system: Activation of acid or alkali pump to reduce the error.
• Sampling ports
• Cleaning and sterilization system
• Charging and emptying lines
• Foam-Control system
Some components of a typical bioreactor include the following:
• Agitator: it maintains a uniform environment through the vessel.
• Baffle: prevents vortex formation.
• Sparger: Introduces air into fermenter broth.
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