An Industrial By-Product (IBP) is a residual material from an industrial, commercial, mining, or agricultural operation that is not a primary product and not produced separately in the process.
Characterization of Geomaterials
Basically, the rock and rock-like materials such as concrete and soil are considered as geomaterials. Clays and some other materials which can be related with engineering processes can, also, be included in this category.
Characterization of Geomaterials is done to ascertain the following:
Physical and mechanical parameters of geomaterials
Dampening and permeability properties
Seismic wave dampening characteristics
Fluid, gas and radiation flow or emitting behaviour of Geomaterials
Modeling the behaviour of Geomaterials
Geotechnical Characterization is done to ascertain the following:
Void Ratio and Porosity
Consolidation and Compressibility
Shear Strength Parameters
Mineralogical Characterization of Geomaterials are used for obtaining the X-ray Diffraction patterns of the Geomaterials.
X-ray Diffraction, a phenomenon in which the atoms of a crystal, by virtue of their uniform spacing, cause an interference pattern of the waves present in an incident beam of X rays.
Granulometry is the measurement of the size distribution in a collection of grains. Granulometric analysis is one of the fundamental parameters that determines the particle composition in sediment samples. This analysis helps determine grain size and the percentage of the individual size fractions in the specific sediment sample.
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