The key points from this module are:
A good qualitative purpose statement basically contains information about the central phenomenon that we are exploring in the study, who are the participants in the study, and what is the research site.
There are various ways in which qualitative inquirers use theory in their studies.
The theory is used as a broad explanation for behaviour and attitudes.
Increasing usage of theoretical lens or perspective and qualitative research.
Qualitative studies in which theory or some other broad explanation becomes the endpoint which is also called an inductive process of building a theory.
Qualitative Validity and Reliability
Qualitative validity means that the researcher checks for the accuracy of the fins by employing certain procedures.
Quantitative reliability indicates that the researcher's approach is consistent across and different projects.
Generalization occurs when qualitative researchers study additional cases and generalize findings to the new cases.
Qualitative write-up, the basic procedure in reporting the results of a qualitative study are to develop descriptions and themes from the data.
A quantitative research interview seeks to cover both factual and a meaning level though it is usually more difficult to interview on a meaning level.
Interviews are an excellent way of gaining factual information
There are three types of interviews:
Participation is a voluntary contribution by people in projects but without their taking part in decision making.
A case study is conducting an empirical investigation of a contemporary phenomenon within its natural context using multiple sources of evidence.
Some characteristics of a case study are:
They ask the question 'how?' and 'why?'
They try to cover contextual conditions.
They are studied in a natural context, bounded by space and time.
They are richly descriptive.
Opportunities for the researcher to explore additional questions.
Case studies can be categorized under two broad themes, singular case studies or single case strategies and multiple case strategies.
A field diary is an external memory, which is in the form of recording daily observations in the field. It can include both data and pieces of reflection, interpretation and analysis.
Points to include in field notes
Data obtained by observation.
Additional 'found items' such as letters, photographs etc.
contextual information about the ways data was collected.
Reflections on research methods.
Ideas and plans for subsequent research steps.
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