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Cognitive Development - Lesson Summary

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Cognitive Development - Lesson Summary
Temperament refers to individual differences in attention, arousal and reactivity to new or novel situations. Emotional Development is an interaction between temperament and positive or environmental feedback which children receive as they explore their worlds. Vulnerability refers to the psychological or environmental difficulties that make children more at risk for developing personality, behavioural and social problems later in life. Resiliency refers to various personality, family and environmental factors that compensate for increased life stress so that expected problems do not develop. Developmental Psychology is the study of progressive changes in behaviour and the abilities of a child. It involves every stage of life from conception to death.According to Locke, all knowledge is acquired through the senses and it is entirely provided by experience.Heredity refers to the transmission of physical and psychological characteristics from parents to their children through genes.Genes are the small segments of DNA that affect a particular process or personal characteristics.Children progress most rapidly when they have responsive parents and stimulating play materials at home.Newborns have poor visual acuity, their ability to change focus is limited, and they are very nearsighted.Infants prefer sweet-tasting liquids over liquids that are salty, bitter and sour.Motor Abilities refer to the stages of motor skills that all infants pass through, as they acquire the muscular control necessary for making coordinated movements.Object Permanence refers to the understanding that objects or events continue to exist even if they can no longer be heard or seen.The Lifespan Approach to Development argues that developmental changes continue beyond young adulthood and people keep changing and adapting through their entire lives.