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Problem Solving & Creativity - Lesson Summary

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Problem Solving & Creativity

A problem occurs when there is an obstacle between a present state and a goal state and it is not immediately obvious how to get around the obstacle.
The situated cognition approach is consistent with the idea that psychologists should emphasize ecological validity.
The hill-climbing heuristic can be useful when one does not have enough information about the alternatives.
Solving a problem is closely influenced by how it is represented in the person’s mind.
The starting point for much of the research on analogical problem solving has been to determine how well people can transfer their experience from solving one problem to solving another similar problem.
The surface features factor refers to specific elements that make up a problem.
The analogical transfer is aided by the similarity between surface features and structural features of the source and target problems respectively.
Many theorists propose that novelty is a necessary component of creativity.
Gilford proposed that creativity should be measured in terms of divergent production or the number of different responses made to each test item.
Research on tests of divergent thinking has found moderate correlations between people’s test scores and other judgments of creativity.