Human ecology as we discussed is normally deeply conditioned by the beliefs about our nature and the destiny that is by religion. Now in the context of this human ecology again religion plays an important role. Now therefore how the emergence of this Christianity or this Christian religion by trying to discard this idea of this non-Christian or the pagan belief maybe as we discussed what Durkheim talk about in the elementary forms of religion of how this totemism is becomes a symbol totem becomes a symbol of a particular community. These sorts of beliefs on totemism or maybe animism or animistic belief is in a way discarded or being sidelined by the Christian religion.
Now the victory of these Christian religion over these paganistic belief was perhaps seen to be much more of a psychological revolution in the history of our culture that is the post Christian age. Now it tends to discard the kind of beliefs which hover around in many different parts of societies and different religious groups and what is the kind of impact and result Christianity has brought about in terms of the kind of relations people share with their environment since they denounced the kind the existence of supernatural forces the ideas of how spirits dwells in certain animate and inanimate objects.
So all this happens to sort of denounce and discard the earlier beliefs and the kind of relations people share with their environment. Now if you look at the stories of creation that is how Christianity in a way is being inherited from Judaism not only as a concept of time but also as more of non-repetitive and linear. now earlier many of the native society tends to perceive the concept of space and time as more of cyclically nature but then the Christian duck now which is based on this idea of more or less based by influenced by the Western science tends to perceive time as which is linear which moves on that is non repetitive and so is their ideas of this creation and although it is mentioned in the Genesis that is the first book of the Bible, God happens to create a human in his own image and body he is not simply part of the art or the nature but is made in God's image.
Now if you look at these ideas of the stories of creation we can in a way looked at how over a period of time human tends to perceive themselves as above nature that is one of the reason why Lynn white in a way tends to perceive this Christianity which is being influenced by the Western culture or maybe in its wisdom form as something which is seem to be one of the most anthropocentric religions the world has sinned. I am sure by now you are familiar with this terminologies of anthropocentric and bio centric, the anthropocentric perceives humans to be at the center of this universe and which in a way is not sharing a sort of a biocentric relation but rather has sort of an overriding power over the other species or rather the ecosystem.
Therefore human is being situated above nature. Now Christianity in its absolute terms can be seen to be contrast to the ancient paganism and Asia’s religions except perhaps maybe your zoroastrianism not only establishes a dualism of man and nature but also insisted that it is God's will that men exploit nature for his proper ends. So in a way they Christians tends to perceive or justify their sort of actions to watch nature by being guided by the opinion of that to exploit nature for one needs is perhaps seems to be quite justified in that sense.
But the pace and the amount of this exploitation which is taking place at the current pace is not something which is seem to be balanced and then sustainable in the real sense. Now by destroying is the paganism Christianity in a way emerge or has an upper hand in terms of exploiting the nature in the mood of indifference to the feelings of natural objects. So in a way it is guided by these ideas of temperament or feelings of how these natural objects can be sort of exploited to the extent once like as the human tempo and the interest.
Now this religious study in a way of nature for the better understanding of God was known as sort of categorized as a natural theology. Now in the early church if you look at mostly in the medieval period and always in the Greek east, nature was perceived to be primarily as something which is symbolic that is their closeness and the kind of proximity they share with the plants and animals and they it is through this nature or maybe God in away tends to convey certain kind of message to them.
Now therefore a certain kind of plants and animals are sort of being reroute and then seem to be sacred. Therefore in the context if you look at the Greek mythology event there are some animals and then plants which are sort of acting as a totem to the Greek society. Now this view of nature was essentially artistic rather than scientific. Now as with the emergence of these scientific revolutions and the industrial revolution these ideas or perceptions of views about nature was in a way being rejected and then seemed to be much more guided by these ideas of artistic on the arts and asset.
Now western science in a way tends to presume that the task and reward of the scientists was to in a way think God's thoughts after him and least one to believe that this was their real motivation. So in a way they tends to the western science in a way presume that they are in a fulfilling the kind of the unfulfilled desires or works which are being in a way left by if you go by the creation stories how the art is being created.
Now this modern western science was cast in the matrix of this Christian theology it was sort of a mixture where in this western science was injected into the Christian theology and tends to sort of being perceived as a propagator.
Now this both science and technology in a way are sort of blessed words in the contemporary or this modern world. Firstly because that viewed historically that modern science is an extrapolation of natural theology and secondly that modern technology is at least partly to be explained as which is based on the Western culture that is Occidental and also voluntarist realization of the Christian dogma of man's transcendence of that is the rightful mastery over nature that is purely guided by the anthropocentric ideas.
Now science and technology which we have in a way are being grown out of this being the sort of indoctrinated by the Christian attitudes and their preaching and teachings towards man's relation to nature who in a way fondly also regard as the post Christians.
Now let us quickly have a look at the kind of worldview or the Christian cosmology rather. Now to a Christian a tree can be no more than a physical fact that is something which have in a way utilitarian purpose and the intrinsic ideas of a tree is normally being sidelined and compromised. So this whole concept of the sacred growth is alien to Christianity and to the ethos of the West. Now this sacred growth in a way is in practices in many of the animistic societies where in they believe that there is a spirit which twelve in the tree and then or maybe certain kind of mythical beliefs are being embedded in that particular forest and which is therefore considered to be sacred.
Now this idea in a way is again rejected by this Christian belief . Now for nearly this two millennia that if the Christian missionaries have in a way engaged in sort of discarding and driving out those sort of spirits which are seen to be yield and yield from those sacred growth and which are in a way seen perceived to be idolatrous because they assume spirit in nature. Now therefore this whole idea of the practices of chopping down or deforestation in a way also has an impinge on the environment or the ecology rather. Now I had also partly mentioned about the kind of economic practices which are in a way being guided by this the western Christian values.
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