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Module 1: Cell source, Isolation, Growth, and Differentiation

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Cell
The Cell is the basic structural, functional, and biological unit of all known organisms. A cell is the smallest unit of life. Cells are often called the "building blocks of life".

Cells are basically of three different types:
Autologous cells
Allogeneic cells
Xenogeneic cells

Stem Cells
A Stem Cell is a cell with the unique ability to develop into specialised cell types in the body. In the future they may be used to replace cells and tissues that have been damaged or lost due to disease.

Cell Isolation
Cell Isolation is the process of separating individual living cells from a solid block of tissue or cell suspension. While some types of cell naturally exist in a separated form. The other cell types that are found in solid tissue require specific techniques to separate them into individual cells.

Tissue Dynamics
Tissues actually can exist in three dynamic states:
Tissue Homeostatic
Tissue Repair
Tissue Formation

Cell Division
Cell Division is the process by which a parent cell divides into two or more daughter cells. Cell division usually occurs as part of a larger cell cycle.

Cell Differentiation
Cellular Differentiation is the process in which a cell changes from one cell type to another. Usually, the cell changes to a more specialized type. Differentiation occurs numerous times during the development of a multicellular organism as it changes from a simple zygote to a complex system of tissues and cell types.