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Reading the Gothic Novel; Gothic and Family

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Video 1: The Purpose of Reading
Hello and welcome to this lecture on the ministries of the dolphin. In this session, I'll be, uh, looking briefly at the purpose of reading. The Gothic novel will be then revisiting the concept of Gothic sensibility in relation to Emily's an Erbert violent code and the Gothic Whelan. We'll also be looking at the nature of the family represented in the Gothic novel and, um, this session. So the purposes of reading, let's take a look at this concept in relation to the mysteries of the dolphin. So what does happen, uh, in this, uh, friction? It also is a novel in which the worst is always feared, but never happens. Emily is North raped or murdered or married off to a villain or face with real ghost. So all the hardest are and dissipated, but it doesn't happen. And we realized that that is, and then C R got the terror. Uh, there is a foreboding, uh, uh, a kind of a fear of things to come. But it doesn't materialize. So how do we understand this concept of fear, not materializing for the central character and what does the reader take away from this, uh, set of circumstances? You'll run a States dot a critic called Duren States that I read a conscious of the patterns of this experience. Like eventually decide that since the ghost had to repeatedly, not yet come, it never worked. And this could be a lesson. Um, which can be taken, uh, for the real world from this fiction. Um, a person might kind of anticipate, um, several horrible things to happen in his or her life, but it may never come. So it's a heartening experience. It's, it's a, uh, It's a, uh, a moral lesson, um, for the reader, not to feel too much in real life. So that, that is a kind of a fortifying, um, message for oneself that, uh, can be taken away from this, uh, novel. Okay. That's, that's one way to look at it. So, uh, Durant argues that this would be logical, correct. And ruinous to the reading experience. And also, so while such an experience, maybe, right. Nothing bad may have been for heroin. And if a Rita comes to understand that, um, it might sometimes, uh, spoil the reading experience, um, for the reader, uh, during argues that objective distance and kills taste and leads to apathy, not only the characters of the novel, but in its, uh, readers. So, um, The distancing, the rational side of the reader, as well as the character real destroy the experience, uh, for the reader and, um, on the incidents that may happen to him or her in the novel. So it also urges of its audience, what it shows and it's harrowing a powerful imagination, which consistently takes appearance at school reality. So imagination is of the sense imagination is normally for the character. Um, but also for the reader in order for the reading experience for Gothic novel, to be very poor and powerful. Uh, if anything, they said, Oh, but had not been imaginative. The novel would not have been very interesting for the reader. And, um, it may, perhaps not even be interesting for the hero in herself. Life may not be so interesting for that. He'd only, uh, her, so these are some of the implications that we can draw from such a criticism. And there are two, uh, ways, um, In which this imagination can be approach. If you remember the previous lecture, um, the self critics are IBM against imagination. Um, uh, kind of finding to work with imagination and, um, stating that because Emily said orbit had been. Too imaginative. Um, you know, uh, complications had risen for her. Uh, if she had been for her imagination, things would not have been, uh, too miserable. So you can see how here, uh, imagination is important. Um, it does in fact key, um, for what the heroin, um, for her to make life interesting as for the reader to make the reading experience very powerful and significant. Now this, uh, important topic sensibility has to be revisited in the mysteries in the first volume sensibility first helps to establish the stability of the ideal potential mystic society. So, yeah, even though there are negative elements to two months, sensibility, sensibility, as a ideal is important to establish the morally good. But Don wholistic society in which a benign father, uh, overrules or Lords over the society, which is represented through the, uh, family unit. We can see in acts sensibility, um, a kind of an indulgence, incense, sentimental, where Jews, uh, happen. Uh, for example, within a CVS of protective and closest, um, suggest on the shuttle of LA Valley and her father's care, and really is able to cultivate and indulge in sentimental qualities, which are a quick responsiveness to nature. Uh, restaurants, uh, to nature can appear in the form of her interest in artistic taste, uh, and an impressionable, uh, nature to eliminate the beauty displayed in nature and an unreflective generosity to others. So these are some of the qualities which are indulged by Emily's and Auburn during her life in, uh, this, uh, Chatto under her father's care. Emily's father, uh, in the ministries of the dog, food does give her a very strong advice as to, um, the nature of sensibility. One should possess. He advises her I code, um, and this condition is from the novel about all. And miss my dear Emily indulge in the pride of fine ceiling, the romantic era of amiable minds, those who possess really possessed sensibility or early to be taught. That it is a dangerous quality, which is continually extracting the excessive misery or delight from every surrounding circumstance. And since in our passage, through his word, painful circumstances occur frequently than pleasing. Once since our sense of evil is I feel more acute than our sense of good. We become the victims of our feelings unless we can, in some degree command them. So. In this, um, advice of, um, Emily's father, we can see that, you know, too much sensibility can cause a lot of trouble for the one who possesses it. In fact, one can even become proud of possessing, that feeling, find feeling so, um, access. Sentimental excess excessive sensibility can damage amiable minds. That is, um, very, very impressive minds. Um, therefore, um, the father advices that, uh, you know, this dangerous quality has to be tempered, has to be moderated in nature and it has to be managed by the person who's possessing it. And, um, Right. One of the problems with this, um, uh, excessive sense sensibility is to kind of extract the maximum pleasure of, um, any good things. Say for example, beautiful sublime landscape, and this might be problematic. And he says that since evil is a, since once ability to kind of perceived evil or, um, You know, kind of extract the maximum out of it. Negative impression is more than, uh, how one would approach the feeling of good. Um, it is possible for a person with access feeling to be, to become victims, unless one is able to manage the sensibility and command, um, that. That emotion. So it can be a dangerous, um, quality. It can damage, uh, or caused havoc in impressionable minds. And therefore it can even affect the delight that one can pick out of, um, the pleasant, the pleasing, the delightful sensations that can be drawn from the world, because there is a possibility that one would also be equally too much affected by a negative thing as well. So, uh, even though, um, Said Oh, Bert. And the father of Emily educates her on how to find the right I'm mean the golden mean in terms of sensibility, he himself is not able to control his emotions in the face of a crisis and therefore critique. Uh, the Lucia argues that, uh, all those, uh, Albert, uh, educates Emily to suppress her emotions and maintain fortitude in the phase of disaster. He appeals unable to control his own feelings. During Emily's first death, the death of her mother, she felt the importance of the lessons. Well, Mitch had caught her to restrain her sensibility. Never had she brought with them with that triumph. So complete. So, uh, in this, uh, we can see that, um, Emily is able to put into practice the lessons that she had been taught by her father, the right lesson on the right way to be sensible and, and the right sentiments to possess, um, at moments of crisis or relied, uh, has been really learned well by, um, Emily. And she applies, applies her lessons, the blades, the precepts that have been given to her by her father. So it's very ironic that the teacher, uh, fails, um, In a moment of crisis and the student is able to, uh, perform really, uh, Nope, rail come out successful and that I don't need is captured. And it's okay. Also very interesting that the female, the young female is easy to master the emotion, um, in the face of a crisis. And, uh, unlike the male who is failing miserably at this moment.

Video 2: Sensibility
Emily's victory over grief stands in stark contrast to the reaction of Saint Albert who frequently has to leave his wife's bedside to indulge his tears, to indulge in a tea. So you can see how sentimental, uh, overly, um, Sentimental orbit has become at this crucial moment where his daughter is able to manage it. Yeah. So this variation in terms of how the two of them approach sensibility is quite interesting to behold because this kind of a model. Of sensibility, uh, can be traced, um, you know, in now. Alright. Um, which is going to be okay. That's fascinating to read in terms of how he handles, um, you know, the right sensibility. So, uh, Let's see what happens in his case while in code, while in thought sensibility, uh, is similar to say Allbirds because he emotes, um, throughout the novel, a violent code or whatever mode and his reactions that without fail disproportionate to the occasion, after being reunited with Emily and hearing about her harrowing imprisonment at the hands of men, Tony violin put no longer master of his emotions. Anyway, it's a spirit of suffering. The time he spent gambling in Paris in salads about Emily's. So, uh, a Parenthood can be drawn between, um, the fact that figure of Emily's and Ahlberg and Wyland code because both of them are, uh, over sentimental and Obert is, uh, overly sentimental at the death of his wife or the doctor is managing her emotions. And while goat is, um, Placing a lot of emphasis on his own app misery, um, at the separation from Emily, um, in the face of the great odds that, um, Emily faced at the hands of . So Emily was, um, the one who had been in great danger of being assaulted and of even being murdered and, and shipwrecked. But despite all these, um, harrowing, um, Incidents, which are actually don't come to cause any real harm to Emily. She is able to manage her emotions successfully while her beloved valid code is, uh, kind of being excessively sentimental. So this is how he behaves, uh, instead of greeting, uh, Emily with apologies and sympathy, he accuses her of being too frigid. Um, it's an interesting, uh, accusation, uh, that vinyl code throughs at Emily. He says that she is not being very, um, affectionate or not being, um, you know, uh, not being able to relate to than code at his own, uh, uh, level, which is. With excessive sense of sensibility and sentimentality, he addresses, um, Emily in an accusing manner instead of greeting Emily with apologies and sympathy, he accuses her of being too frigid. Uh, it's a dust. You meet him, uh, who, once you meant to honor with your hand, thus, you meet him, uh, who has loved you. A set foot for you. One quote, overvalues his experience and the casinos of Paris and undervalues Emily's it's time away from him during which she suffered under constant threat of rape the death of her closest living relative and shipwreck. So here it's the, the country across between the two characters. Really clear, um, you know, see the dark side to the excessive sensibility of excess of sentimentality, which a male possess us here. Uh, whereas the real, uh, suffering, um, That Emily has undergone has not been expressed through her words. Um, you know, in, in, in a manner, which is similar to while in court. So, you know, the, the contrast between the two cannot have been great to hear. Um, and, and he'll be, can see that, you know, that unquote is not able to match up. Oh with the right sensibility that Emily possesses and he doesn't come up really well in this situation. Um, he appears weak and stuff obsessed, and one who cares more about his sufferings and the self centeredness becomes, uh, clear in this passage. Now, uh, as I pointed out earlier, it's it would be interesting to compare the sensibility of other Emily's and Auburn. Violin pulled with Mon pony sensibility and see, um, you know, how the swelling that's got the will differs from all these characters. Um, in fact, um, the critic dilution argues that while and coats over indulgence, contrast shoplift with Mon ponies, excess, the restraint. The ability to control oneself is what is meant by restraint. And when Tony is capable of doing that a spectacular well, and, um, while we understand that he's able to control himself, it is also an excessive restraint. He is on the other end of the, uh, of this, uh, spectrum, uh, of sensibility. Well, the mud Tony is often described as a barely contained with cabinet Emily observes and electrically admires his talent, disguising his true emotions beginning with a sprained attraction too. Uh, her aunt, Madam sugar, Chevron, and extending to his feel fearless and extending those feel as battles to defend doleful from neighboring warlords. And so, uh, this control over one's sentiment is something that there's admired by, uh, unwillingly admired. Yeah. We have to note that by, um, the heroine, uh, Emily, who very carefully absolves, uh, observes him and realizes that he, he is disguising his emotions. He is feigning attraction to, well, he is a man who can mask his emotions and projected different, want a defensive different motions to the one that he's feeling really feeling on the inside. So. The ability to restrain oneself becomes a vapin as well, uh, at the hands of this old. So you can see how, uh, why, um, Violin code and inset or bird are being excessively sentimental, and they kind of fail to capture the attention when Tony by his ruthlessness is able to address the attention of the reader as well as get the attention of, um, Emily who, uh, while understanding his even more devs is able to appreciate the manner in which he, uh, before us society. And Emily's further surprised. That ungraded patients, he could bend these passions wide as they were to the cause of interests and generally put disguise and his countenance, their operation, uh, in his mind. But she had seen him too often. Uh, when he, yeah, I thought it necessary to conceal his nature to be deceived on such occasion. So this is a quotation from, um, the novel and this, uh, predation tells us that implement is able to kind of. See-through one Tony. He, she is able to kind of break through the restraint in a figurative manner and understand his machinations. So as I just pointed out that, um, you know, the restraint becomes a mass because, um, he is able to kind of project a particular set of emotions, um, which may be necessarily for the, uh, for a particular scene in Richmond. Tony is present in order for him to get what he wants. So he is able to bend. To kind of, uh, play with his, um, wild emotions, make his, uh, emotions, malleable, um, control his wild passion so that he can achieve what he wants. So this is how he becomes, uh, really rootless and powerful. So it is a weapon. It is a kind of a strategy that she kind of powerfully reels and Emily can see that. And, uh, while she is. Kind of, uh, you know, disgusted and, um, you know, feel full of Montani. She is older, able to kind of understand how he is playing his and the normal. So we do understand that is not the social being. Um, unlike violin code and Aalborg while violin code and say, Oh, bird are morally good and are useful members of society in general. Um, you know, when Tony is quite the contrary, uh, to these figures and I'm like, my uncle is an Arbor when Tony does not find any value in the sophisticated qualities in the front alignment that women possess. And introduce into society. So that's one key point between, um, when Tony and Weiland pulled en said, all bird now. Let's come to Emily and its ability very quickly. We realized that she feels deeply like Vaillancourt right, but she does not express, um, excessively. She exercises restraint of kind of a star system, which is associated with modern Tony's character, but it's really is not salvage. She doesn't possess that savagery, that wild passion. When Tony possesses and she doesn't use sensibly, Amanda played the feelings of, um, so that's the difference. The crucial difference between the heroin and Antone, even though they both practice restraint. Uh, Emily self c'mon combined with her ability to feel appropriately for fellow humans sets her apart from the other characters in the novel. So she becomes a model of, um, the right kind of feeling in her ability to be generous to others and her ability to kind of express the right. He is. She becomes an icon of what is perfect in relation to sentimentality the notion of, um, Sensibility can also be connected to this idea of mindfulness. So unlike a Weiland code, and when Tony, Emily is also extremely mindful to the needs of others, um, it also makes it clear for her, um, her purpose in life and her connection. To other people in the society. So the sufferings of others, whatever it might be, whoever they might be called forth, her ready compassion, which dissipated at once at every obscuring cloud of goodness, that passionate prejudice might have raised in her mind. So she also was not kind of proud of her ability to help or assist others, but that is a very, very important, uh, in, in the nature of Emily's mindfulness. Now let's look at, um, the Coptic Willan and the nature of his masculinity. So we understand very clearly that when Tony is a misogynist and he has complete dominance over women in this, um, novel, uh, in fact, uh, in his tone, self-control means complete application of female, uh, control and real to male sublime, uh, power. So he expected women to kind of give up their control, uh, give up their, um, you know, uh, what was the process to give up their property as well as we saw right from his, um, pressure that he put on his wife to, um, make her give up her property. So. Is a masculinity, which controlled everybody under his clutches. So it's a kind of an aggressive, toxic masculinity that we see in this Gothic willing. We also, I realized that he is unprincipled. I don't close. Cool and enterprising, uh, he can be resourceful, um, if need be. And as we saw in Emily's reading it's this character, he was able to manipulate his emotions and in order to gain what he wanted. And, um, he seemed, uh, to Tim for the situation. So his character is perfect for that, uh, you know, society in which he dominated and it's a society which was made corrupt by him. Um, so that is something we need to undertake. Uh, he delighted in the tomorrow and the struggles of life. He was equally a stranger to pity and to fear, uh, his very courage was a sort of animal ferocity, not the notebook. But impulse of a principles such as in spirits, the mind against the oppressor and the cost of the oppressed, but a constitutional hardiness of no, that cannot feel. And that therefore cannot fear. So we do get a list of characteristics of montane in this criticism. Maybe you see that, you know, um, when we read the novel, also, we realized that he's extremely unproductive. Bold, um, you know, one who terrifies his rectums he's, um, dauntless. He doesn't give up easily. He's cruel and resourceful, and he delights in causing misery and there's no, um, or, you know, trace of the noble impulse in noble principle in his mind. And, um, you know, he doesn't kind of support the cause of the oppressed. In fact, he is the oppressor and he, it's very, very hard. He's famous, strong. As if he's a force of nature and, and, you know, just as a nature, doesn't feel anything. My attorney doesn't seem to fear anything or anybody. So, uh, what is the purpose of such a characterization? One could argue that, uh, Ratcliffe kind of predict the old style of masculinity. It should reveal the effect of Montana's unrestrained, wildland on the community. And, um, you know, while she is doing that, we can also see that, um, you know, uh, Saint Albert is held up for praise as well as being benign and caring and nurturing. So, um, the old school of masculinity, which is oppressive is kind of criticize, um, in, on this novel bot Ratcliffe. Now let's look at the concept of the extended family and the effect it has on the, uh, heroin, uh, when Tony's attempts to marry Emily, to go with the Morano in order to restore the family's financial fortunes are stout, but the heroin, but at the cost of her personal freedom. So what have you understand from this certificate? Fast, Emily goes to live with her aunt and her husband count Madani because her parents are dead and her, um, and she is financially not able to live by herself. Um, the foot, this, um, you know, a forcible. Arrangement. Um, the arrangement that's forced on her, um, which makes her live with her aunt, the extended family. It resolves in the set of complications for Emily. So she loses her personal freedom. And for long stretches of the narrative, she's cut off from the outside world within an enclosed domestic environment and the cost of the, for that even servants and return PI on her. So this is a really, um, Disastrous position for hard to beat in, but in which he is forced to be because of the setup of this extended family. Got thick and patriarchy. So what is the relationship between the two when Tony strongly, the Draco conception of the family unit means that Emily counts as no more than a property to him as her primary male guardian. And he reacts with Constable hostility to all efforts, she makes itself assertion. So this is the connection, the patriarchy, which is at the heart of that, um, family unit, um, in the cheese. Stuck makes her a property to them, a male who's head of the family. So, um, she is at the mercy of montane because she has no other, uh, male guardian and, and she has to kind of be at his wheel and whatever she attempts to assert herself goes Wayne. Um, those certain extent. So this is the relationship that you can see between, um, Patriarchy on the glottic Gianna and this, uh, fiction. So, um, Tony believes that his will is sovereign and that everybody else's will become subject to his pleasure and her individual desires. Emily's personal, uh, you know, uh, predictions and preferences do not matter when great against the needs of the montane family honor, as he interpreted. It. So she has to serve his, his family, you know, um, and, um, she can not rest. This is such a family structure. So since she's an orphan, she has to kind of be fit within another family unit, text and assembly unit. And these are the drastic consequences that she has to suffer for it. So when Tony Bruce to be the patriarchal head of a family, red lodge and therein lies the complication for this vulnerable young CURO in because that head of the family is, uh, evil. Thank you for watching. I'll catch you in the next session.