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Module 1: Sentences and Discourse

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Sentences and Discourse - Lesson Summary

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The Key Contents from this Module are:
The three levels of sentence processing are:
Conceptual level: In this level, the intended message is formulated. Syntactic level: This level has to do with the structuring of the sentence. Phonological level: This level involves the form of the spoken sentence.
A Clause is a simple sentence that is part of a larger complex sentence.
The two processes of Sentence Comprehension are:
Syntactic analysis of sentence structure.
Semantic interpretation of sentence meaning
Models of Sentence Production are:
Serial model: All processing at one step needs to be completed before proceeding to the next step. Parallel model: Processing at one step occurs at the same time with the same processing at the other steps. Incremental model: Processing at one step is still in progress when processing at the next step begins.
 
Some features of conversation include:

Talk-in-interaction: Spontaneous speech used while engaging in joint activities
Conversation fillers: Words like uh or um that are semantically empty but are used to signal planning difficulty.
Pragmatics: Various ways context contributes to the meaning of discourse.
Common ground: Pool of information shared by all participants in a conversation
Interlocutors: These are the participants in a conversation.

The fundamental building blocks of a story involves:
 

The Setting introduces the characters and location.
The Initiating event poses a problem for the protagonist.
The Internal response involves the protagonist's initial response to the problem.
The protagonist attempts to resolve the problem.
The protagonist exhibits a Reaction to the consequence of his choices.


The Setting introduces the characters and location.
The Initiating event poses a problem for the protagonist.
The Internal response involves the protagonist's initial response to the problem.
The protagonist attempts to resolve the problem.
The protagonist exhibits a Reaction to the consequence of his choices.

Cohesion is the use of linguistic devices to bind sentences of discourse together.
Coherence is the use of logical relations to bind sentences of discourse together.