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Emergencies, Falls and Fire Safety

Module Summary

In this module you studied the following:

It is of utmost importance that all care workers know the phone number used to call for emergency assistance in their respective region. It is not always 911.

Anaphylaxis results from a is a severe allergic reaction to food or medicine.

The main symptom of choking is that the individual cannot talk and cough forcefully. Do not do anything if the individual can cough forcefully!

The symptoms of a diabetic emergency include hypoglycemia (low blood sugar), slurred speech, uncoordinated movements or changes in behavior.

Symptoms of heat stroke/ exhaustion include: Warm, clammy skin, nausea, weakness or an elevated body temperature.

The main symptoms of a stroke include weakness or drooping on one side of the face, or slurred speech.

When an individual experiences a seizure, it is crucial that it’s duration is timed. If it lasts more than 5 minutes they will need emergency assistance.

As a care worker – you will spend a lot of time working with elderly clients. It is of utmost importance that you know how to react should they suffer a fall.

The three elements of a fire are: oxygen, heat and fuel. To extinguish a fire, you need to take at least one of these elements away.

The most important fire safety measure is to make sure the client has at least one working fire alarm on every floor preferably near the bedrooms and/or kitchen. Test the battery monthly.

Class A fire extinguishers are used to put out fires caused by combustible materials such as paper and wood.

Class B fire extinguishers are used to put out fires caused by flammable or combustible liquids such as gasoline, kerosene, grease and oil.

Class C fire extinguishers ae used to put out fires caused by electrical equipment, such as appliances, wiring, circuit breakers and outlets. Never use water to extinguish electrical fires-there is a serious risk of electrical shock!

Class ABC fire extinguishers can put out mist types of fires.

When using a fire extinguisher, remember the P.A.S.S. acronym outlined below:

- Pull the pin from the handle area at the top of the Fire Extinguisher

- Aim the hose nozzle at the base of the fire. (Be at least 10 ft. from the fire).

- Squeeze the lever in order to release the chemical.

- Sweep the hose nozzle from side to side at the base of the fire.

END of UNIT

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